Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 1195–1200 | Cite as

Patterns of Care Related to Post-Operative Radiotherapy for Patients with Prostate Cancer among Canadian Radiation Oncologists and Urologists

  • Bonnie Bristow
  • Mohammed Aldehaim
  • Katija Bonin
  • Candice Chee Ka Lam
  • Stephanie J. Wan
  • Xingshan Cao
  • Ewa SzumacherEmail author


The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and American Urological Association (AUA) developed post-prostatectomy radiotherapy (RT) guidelines to aid patient counseling on adjuvant (ART) and salvage radiotherapy (SRT). Our study compared how aware and compliant Canadian radiation oncologists and urologists are to these guidelines. Our online survey was distributed through the Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology (CARO) and Canadian Urology Association (CUA) to radiation oncologists and urologists that treat prostate cancer. We used Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Chi-square test to compare radiation oncologists and urologists. P values for significant findings are reported. A total of 128 participants responded the survey, 52 radiation oncologists, and 76 urologists. The majority (82%) of radiation oncologists had read these guidelines, compared to only 49% of urologists (p < 0.001). Radiation oncologists were more likely to recommend ART >50% for adverse pathological findings post-radical prostatectomy compared to urologists (76 vs. 51%, p = 0.011). Urologists were more likely to monitor their patient’s PSA level post-prostatectomy compared to radiation oncologists (93 vs. 77%, p = 0.016). Post-thematic analysis of open-ended questions revealed that urologists rarely refer patients to radiation oncologists for ART, with radiation oncologists confirming that they rarely receive referrals. This study demonstrates the low compliance to ASTRO/AUA guidelines. While radiation oncologists were more aware and compliant to guidelines, urologists were significantly more likely to monitor their patient’s PSA. This study highlighted the need for better communication between urologists and radiation oncologists, especially in referrals for ART, to facilitate treatment delivery that is concordant with ASTRO/AUA guidelines.


Radioterapy Prostate cancer Prostatectomy 


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Copyright information

© American Association for Cancer Education 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonnie Bristow
    • 1
  • Mohammed Aldehaim
    • 2
  • Katija Bonin
    • 3
  • Candice Chee Ka Lam
    • 3
  • Stephanie J. Wan
    • 3
  • Xingshan Cao
    • 4
  • Ewa Szumacher
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Radiation Therapy, Odette Cancer CentreSunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Radiation Oncology, Odette Cancer CentreSunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Institute of Clinical Evaluative SciencesSunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada

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