Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 465–473

Isolated and Skeptical: Social Engagement and Trust in Information Sources Among Smokers

  • Lila J. Finney Rutten
  • Kelly Blake
  • Bradford W. Hesse
  • Leland K. Ackerson


Our study compared indicators of social engagement and trust among current, former, and never smokers. Multinomial regression analyses of data from the 2005 U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey (n = 5586) were conducted to identify independent associations between social engagement, trust in health information sources, and smoking status. Never smokers (odds ratio (OR) = 2.08) and former smokers (OR = 2.48) were significantly more likely to belong to community organizations than current smokers. Never (OR = 4.59) and former smokers (OR = 1.96) were more likely than current smokers to attend religious services. Never smokers (OR = 1.38) were significantly more likely than current smokers to use the Internet. Former smokers (OR = 1.41) were more likely than current smokers to be married. Compared to current smokers, never smokers were significantly more likely to trust health care professionals (OR = 1.52) and less likely to trust the Internet (OR=0.59) for health information. Current smokers are less socially engaged and less trusting of information resources than non-smokers.


Smoking Social engagement Health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lila J. Finney Rutten
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kelly Blake
    • 2
  • Bradford W. Hesse
    • 2
  • Leland K. Ackerson
    • 3
  1. 1.Clinical Monitoring Research Program, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., NCI-FrederickFrederickUSA
  2. 2.Health Communication and Informatics Research Branch, National Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Community Health and SustainabilityUniversity of Massachusetts LowellLowellUSA
  4. 4.BethesdaUSA

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