Journal of Medical Toxicology

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 199–200 | Cite as

The Importance of Recognizing Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome from Synthetic Marijuana Use

The Poison Pen


Urine Drug Screen Marijuana User Persistent Vomiting Medical Marijuana National Inpatient Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest


Sources of Funding



  1. 1.
    Sorensen CJ, DeSanto K, Borgelt L, Phillips KT, Monte AA. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome: diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment—a systematic review [published online Dec 20 2016]. J Med Toxicol. 2016; doi: 10.1007/s13181-016-0595-z.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Kunz R, et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ. 2008;336:924–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Odgen DW. Memorandum for selected United States attorneys on investigations and prosecutions in states authorizing the medical use of marijuana. Department of Justice. 2009. Accessed 03 March, 2017.
  4. 4.
    Fairman BJ. Trends in registered medical marijuana participation across 13 US states and District of Columbia. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016;159:72–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Healthcare cost and utilization project. National inpatient sample. Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality; Rockville. Accessed 03 March, 2017.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hopkins CY, Gilchrist BL. A case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome caused by synthetic cannabinoids. J Emerg Med. 2013;45(4):544–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ukaigwe A, Karmacharya P, Donato A. A gut gone to pot: a case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome due to K2, a synthetic cannabinoid. Case Reports in Emergency Medicine. 2014; Article ID 167098 doi: 10.1155/2014/167098.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bick BL, Szostek JH, Mangan TF. Synthetic cannabinoid leading to cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014;89(8):1168–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mills B, Yepes A, Nugent K. Synthetic cannabinoids. Am J Med Sci. 2015;350(1):59–62.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Forrester MB, Kleinschmidt K, Schwarz E, et al. Synthetic cannabinoid and marijuana exposures reported to poison centers. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2012;31:1006–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American College of Medical Toxicology 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Nevada School of MedicineLas VegasUSA

Personalised recommendations