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Sexuality Research and Social Policy

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 95–108 | Cite as

Homonegativity in Italy: Cultural Issues, Personality Characteristics, and Demographic Correlates with Negative Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men

  • Vittorio Lingiardi
  • Nicola Nardelli
  • Salvatore Ioverno
  • Simona Falanga
  • Carlo Di Chiacchio
  • Annalisa Tanzilli
  • Roberto Baiocco
Article

Abstract

This study is an extension of earlier research that investigated the nature of homonegativity among Italian people (Lingiardi et al. 2005). We used the Modern Homophobia Scale (MHS), adapted to be more appropriate for the Italian social and cultural context. Associations were examined between homophobic attitudes, demographics, and personality characteristics and contact with lesbians and gay men. Gender issues were considered twice, from the viewpoint of both the agent and the target of the prejudice. The findings indicated that people at higher risk of possessing homonegative attitudes are older; less educated; more involved in religion and politically conservative; characterized by a more conforming, moralistic, and rule-bound personality, according to Cattell’s personality factors; and have poor contact experience with lesbians and gay men. Males tended to have higher levels of homonegativity toward gay men but not toward lesbians. Proposals to reduce antigay bias in the Italian context will be briefly discussed.

Keywords

Homonegativity Homophobia Personality characteristics Contact with lesbians and gay men Italy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vittorio Lingiardi
    • 1
  • Nicola Nardelli
    • 1
  • Salvatore Ioverno
    • 1
  • Simona Falanga
    • 1
  • Carlo Di Chiacchio
    • 1
  • Annalisa Tanzilli
    • 1
  • Roberto Baiocco
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and PsychologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and PsychologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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