Attitudes of Italian Heterosexual Older Adults Towards Lesbian and Gay Parenting
- 780 Downloads
Several studies have examined the attitudes of heterosexuals towards lesbian and gay parenting, revealing mostly negative attitudes. Nonetheless, no research studies have examined these attitudes specifically among elderly adults. Two hundred eighty older heterosexuals adults ranged from 65 to 87 years old (women: M = 74.2, SD = 6.0; male M = 73.9, SD = 6.1) completed measures evaluating their knowledge of the existence of lesbian and gay parents, their attitudes towards lesbian and gay parenting and expected child outcomes, and opinions regarding legalization and recognition of lesbian and gay parents. As we expected, age was a relevant predictor of negative attitudes towards lesbian and gay parenting: older elders had a stronger prejudice than the others. Data revealed that the more positive evaluation was for the heterosexual and lesbian parents while the more negative evaluation was for the gay male parents. Regression analyses showed that a negative attitude towards lesbian and gay parents was predicted by older age, right-wing conservatism, and internalized sexual stigma. The expected effects on child outcomes were predicted only by the dimensions of sexual stigma.
KeywordsOlder adults Sexual stigma Lesbian parents Gay parents Sexual orientation
- Averett, P., Strong-Blakeney, A., Nalavany, B. A. & Ryan S. D. (2011). Adoptive parents’ attitudes towards gay and lesbian adoption. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 7, 30–48. doi: 10.1080/1550428X.2011.537211.
- Coakes, S. J., & Ong, C. (2011). SPSS version 18.0 for Windows: Analysis without anguish. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Council of Europe (2011). Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe (2nd Edition). Retrieved from http://book.coe.int.
- D’Augelli, A. R., & Rose, M. L. (1990). Homophobia in a university community: attitudes and experiences of heterosexual freshmen. Journal of College Student Development, 31, 484–491.Google Scholar
- Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Emlet, C. A., Muraco, A., Erosheva, E. A., & Hoy-Ellis, C. P. (2011). The aging and health report: disparities and resilience among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender older adults. Seattle: Institute for Multigenerational Health.Google Scholar
- Herdt, G. (2001). Social change, sexual diversity, and tolerance for bisexuality in the United States. In A. R. D’Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: psychological perspectives (pp. 267–283). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- ILGA-Europe. (2009). Marriage and partnership rights for same-sex partners: Country-by-country. Retrieved from http://ilga-europe.org/home/issues/families/recognition_of_relationships/legislation_and_case_law/marriage_and_partnership_rights_for_same_sex_partners_country_by_country.
- Kinsey, A.C. (1948). Sexual behavior in the human female. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
- Lannutti, P., & Lachlan, K. (2008). Assessing attitudes toward same-sex marriage. Journal of Homosexuality, 53, 113–133. doi: 10.1080/00918360802103373.
- Superior Institute of Health. (2006). MODI DI. Ricerca nazionale sulla salute di lesbiche, gay e bisessuali [Be as you are. National research on lesbians, gay men, and bisexual people]. Retrieved from http://www.salutegay.it/modidi/risultati_della_ricerca/report_finale.pdf.