“We’d Be Free”: Narratives of Life Without Homophobia, Racism, or Sexism

  • Ilan H. Meyer
  • Suzanne C. Ouellette
  • Rahwa Haile
  • Tracy A. McFarlane


Stigma and social inequality deprive disadvantaged social groups of a sense of social well-being. Stress researchers have focused on prejudice-related events and conditions but have not described more intangible stressors experienced by sexual minorities. We use narrative methods to examine how sexual minorities experience stigma and social inequality as we focus on the more intangible stressors that are both pervasive and difficult to measure. Three themes emerged in the narratives of our ethnically diverse sample of 57 adult sexual minority women and men: (a) stigma deprived them of access to critical possibilities and opportunities; (b) stigma deprives them of safety and acceptance; and (c) despite this, the experience of stigma is also related to the adoption of a positive and collective orientation towards their stigmatized identities. Recognizing these stressors and related resilience can direct policy makers toward interventions that go even beyond eliminating prejudice by including goals to strengthen minority communities.


Sexual minorities Stigma Prejudice Stress Social well-being 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilan H. Meyer
    • 1
  • Suzanne C. Ouellette
    • 2
  • Rahwa Haile
    • 3
    • 4
  • Tracy A. McFarlane
    • 5
  1. 1.The Williams Institute, UCLA School of LawLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Doctoral Program in Psychology: Social/Personality, Developmental, and Environmental, Graduate SchoolThe City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Yale Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDSNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.State University of New York, College of Old WestburyOld WestburyUSA
  5. 5.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations