Organic Agriculture

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 169–197 | Cite as

Organic Agriculture 3.0 is innovation with research

  • Gerold RahmannEmail author
  • M. Reza Ardakani
  • Paolo Bàrberi
  • Herwart Boehm
  • Stefano Canali
  • Mahesh Chander
  • Wahyudi David
  • Lucas Dengel
  • Jan Willem Erisman
  • Ana C. Galvis-Martinez
  • Ulrich Hamm
  • Johannes Kahl
  • Ulrich Köpke
  • Stefan Kühne
  • S. B. Lee
  • Anne-Kristin Løes
  • Jann Hendrik Moos
  • Daniel Neuhof
  • Jaakko Tapani Nuutila
  • Victor Olowe
  • Rainer Oppermann
  • Ewa Rembiałkowska
  • Jim Riddle
  • Ilse A. Rasmussen
  • Jessica Shade
  • Sang Mok Sohn
  • Mekuria Tadesse
  • Sonam Tashi
  • Alan Thatcher
  • Nazim Uddin
  • Peter von Fragstein und Niemsdorff
  • Atle Wibe
  • Maria Wivstad
  • Wu Wenliang
  • Raffaele Zanoli


Organic agriculture can and should play an important role in solving future challenges in producing food. The low level of external inputs combined with knowledge on sustainablity minimizes environmental contamination and can help to produce more food for more people without negatively impacting our environment. Organic agriculture not only includes farming as a production practice but it also includes processing, trade and consumption. Nevertheless, Organic agriculture must always evolve to overcome emerging challenges. Science-based knowledge attained through dedicated research is required to strengthen organic food and farming as a means to solve future challenges. In 2010, a global discussion about Organic 3.0 was initiated to address current problems our agri-food systems are facing. Many scientifically and practically proven results are already available to make organic agriculture a strong tool to solve some of these challenges. However, the organic agri-food system has to be developed further to fulfill its potential. The contribution of organic agriculture to help solve current problems linked to food security and environmental quality was discussed during the International Society of Organic Agricultural Research (ISOFAR) Symposium “Organic 3.0 is Innovation with Research”, held September 20–22, 2015, in conjunction with the first ISOFAR International Organic Expo, in Goesan County, Republic of Korea. Some of the world’s most active scientists in organic agriculture attended the symposium. This paper is a result of their discussions and aims to give an overview of research conducted and required to strengthen organic agriculture in its ambitions to overcome agronomic challenges, contribute to food security and protect our common environment.


Organic 3.0 Agri-ecology ISOFAR Ecological intensification Organic agriculture Organic food systems Organic farming research Global food challenges 



We thank the Chungbuk Province and the Geosan County of South Korea for the financial support to make the symposium “Organic 3.0 is innovation with research” in September 2015 and as result this discussion and review paper possible.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerold Rahmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Reza Ardakani
    • 2
  • Paolo Bàrberi
    • 3
  • Herwart Boehm
    • 4
  • Stefano Canali
    • 5
  • Mahesh Chander
    • 6
  • Wahyudi David
    • 7
  • Lucas Dengel
    • 8
  • Jan Willem Erisman
    • 9
  • Ana C. Galvis-Martinez
    • 10
  • Ulrich Hamm
    • 11
  • Johannes Kahl
    • 12
  • Ulrich Köpke
    • 13
  • Stefan Kühne
    • 14
  • S. B. Lee
    • 15
  • Anne-Kristin Løes
    • 16
  • Jann Hendrik Moos
    • 4
  • Daniel Neuhof
    • 13
  • Jaakko Tapani Nuutila
    • 17
  • Victor Olowe
    • 18
  • Rainer Oppermann
    • 4
  • Ewa Rembiałkowska
    • 19
  • Jim Riddle
    • 20
  • Ilse A. Rasmussen
    • 21
  • Jessica Shade
    • 22
  • Sang Mok Sohn
    • 23
  • Mekuria Tadesse
    • 24
  • Sonam Tashi
    • 25
  • Alan Thatcher
    • 26
  • Nazim Uddin
    • 27
  • Peter von Fragstein und Niemsdorff
    • 11
  • Atle Wibe
    • 16
  • Maria Wivstad
    • 28
  • Wu Wenliang
    • 29
  • Raffaele Zanoli
    • 30
  1. 1.International Society of Organic Farming Research, c/o Thünen-Institute of Organic FarmingGerman Federal Research Centre for Rural Areas, Forestry and FisheryWesterauGermany
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesIslamic Azad UniversityKarajIran
  3. 3.Institute of Life SciencesScuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly
  4. 4.Thünen-Institute of Organic FarmingGerman Federal Research Centre for Rural Areas, Forestry and FisheryWesterauGermany
  5. 5.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura l’analisi dell’economia agraria (CREA)Centro per lo studio delle relazioni tra pianta e suolo (RPS)RomeItaly
  6. 6.Division of Extension EducationIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagarIndia
  7. 7.Program Studi Ilmu Dan Teknologi PanganUniversitas BakrieJakartaIndonesia
  8. 8.EcoPro, Aurosarjan Complex, AuroshilpamAurovilleIndia
  9. 9.Louis Bolk InstituteAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  10. 10.Latin American Scientific Society of Agroecology (SOCLA) ( of CaliforniaBerkleyUSA
  11. 11.Department of Agricultural- and Food Marketing, Faculty of Organic Agricultural SciencesUniversity of KasselWitzenhausenGermany
  12. 12.Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Preventive and Clinical NutritionUniversity of CopenhagenKøbenhavn NDenmark
  13. 13.Institute of Organic AgricultureUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  14. 14.Institute for Strategies and Technology AssessmentJulius Kühn-InstituteKleinmachnowGermany
  15. 15.Organic Agriculture Division, Department of Agricultural EnvironmentNational Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration (RDA)Wanju-gunRepublic of Korea
  16. 16.Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture (NORSØK)TingvollNorway
  17. 17.Finnish Organic Research Institute. Natural Resources Institute FinlandUniversity of HelsinkiMikkeliFinland
  18. 18.Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research (IFSERAR)Federal University of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria
  19. 19.Department of Functional and Organic Food and Commodities, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer StudiesWarsaw University of Life SciencesWarszawaPoland
  20. 20.The Ceres TrustChicagoUSA
  21. 21.ICROFS FoulumTjeleDenmark
  22. 22.The Organic CenterWashingtonUSA
  23. 23.Research Institute of Organic AgricultureDankook UniversityCheonanRepublic of Korea
  24. 24.Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research based at Addis AbabaAddis AbabaEthiopia
  25. 25.Royal University of BhutanLobesaBhutan
  26. 26.Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical SciencesMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  27. 27.Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute BARIJoydebpurBangladesh
  28. 28.Centre for Organic Food and Farming (EPOK)Swedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  29. 29.College of Natural Resources and Environmental SciencesChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  30. 30.Università Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly

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