Can Substitution Inferences Explain the Knobe Effect?
- First Online:
- 96 Downloads
The Knobe effect is the phenomenon demonstrated in the course of repeated studies showing that moral valence affects the way in which we apply concepts. Knobe explains the effect by appealing to the nature of the concepts themselves: whether they actually apply in some situation depends upon the moral valence of some element of that situation. In this paper, a different picture of the effect is presented and given motivation. It is suggested that subjects apply concepts on the basis of substitution inferences. It is attempted to show that this picture is incompatible with, but preferable to, Knobe’s theory. In closing, some further observations and suggestions are given with respect to further research into the apparent effect of moral valence.
- Beebe, J. and Jensen, M. “Surprising connections between knowledge and intentional action: The robustness of the epistemic side-effect effect.” Unpublished manuscript. University at Buffalo, SUNY.Google Scholar
- Brogaard , B. 2010. Stupid people deserve what they get: the effects of personality assessment on judgments of intentional action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33:332–334.Google Scholar
- Hitchcock, C. and J. Knobe. 2009. Cause and Norm. Journal of Philosophy 106(11): 587–612.Google Scholar
- Knobe, J., and B. Fraser. 2008. Causal judgment and moral judgment: Two experiments. In Moral psychology, ed. W. Sinnott-Armstrong, 441–448. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Knobe, J. and D. Pettit. 2009. The Pervasive Impact of Moral Judgment. Mind and Language 24(5): 586–604.Google Scholar
- Sripada, C.S. 2009. The deep self model and asymmetries in folk judgments about intentional action. Philosophical Studies, 159–276.Google Scholar
- Tannenbaum, D., P.H. Ditto, and D.A. Pizarro. 2007. Different moral values produce different judgments of intentional action. Irvine: University of California. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
- Ulatowski, N. (unpublished). How Many Theories of Act Individuation Are There?. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Philosophy, University of Utah.Web. <http://faculty.weber.edu/joeulatowski/papers/fulldraftFINAL.pdf>.