OMEP Policy Forum: UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has Become Policy in Many Countries
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In November 1989, when the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, United Nations 1989), the floor was well paved. In a short time, UNCRC was signed by 20 member states, a sufficient number of countries to ratify the convention, and it was entered into force on September 2, 1990. It is by far the most ratified of UN conventions. Today, the USA stands out as the one member state not to have ratified UNCRC. By ratifying a convention, a member state (i.e. a country) undertakes to make the principles and provisions of the UNCRC widely known to adults and children alike, by appropriate and active means (UNCRC, Article 42). Some countries have a special agency for this purpose. Additionally, a growing number of countries have appointed a children’s ombudsperson and they, in turn, have formed an international network of ombudsmen working for children and for implementation of UNCRC.
This article discusses the status of...
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