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Wetlands

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 1033–1044 | Cite as

Diversity of Rotifera (Monogononta) and Egg Ratio of Selected Taxa in the Canals of Xochimilco (Mexico City)

  • Jorge Jiménez-Contreras
  • S. Nandini
  • S. S. S. Sarma
Original Research

Abstract

Rotifer dominance in wetland ecosystems is due to their ability to survive and reproduce in the presence of cyanobacteria, ability to occupy different niches and elimination of competing crustaceans by predation. In addition, quality and quantity of food and physical and chemical variables affect the rotifer abundances in these waterbodies. Seasonal variations in food also affect the rotifer body size and egg ratio (ER). We studied the species richness, diversity, female egg ratio, morphometry, and density of rotifer species from four sites of Lake Xochimilco that have been influenced by agriculture, urban waste, and tourism. Zooplankton samples were collected on a monthly basis over one year (February 2005 to January 2006) and we measured selected physical and chemical variables including water depth, Secchi transparency, temperature, pH, conductivity, alkalinity, hardness, dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand-5 day test (BOD5), nitrates and nitrites and orthophosphates. We recorded 81 rotifer species, representing 27 genera and 17 families. The Shannon-Wiener diversity varied between 0.5 and 3.8 during the study and was highest in the rainy season. The ER did not show a significant relationship between ecological conditions and any rotifer species, indicating nearly stable physical, chemical and biological conditions in which rotifers are able to reproduce throughout the year.

Keywords

Rotifers Morphometry Shallow Lake Phytoplankton Seasonal variation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

JJC thanks CONACyT for its support (Exp. 66806). SN and SSSS thank CONACyT for fellowships (S.N.I.) (20520 and 18723, respectively). We thank PAPIIT (UNAM) IN210205, IN219218 and IN214618 for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Jiménez-Contreras
    • 1
  • S. Nandini
    • 1
  • S. S. S. Sarma
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Zoología Acuática, Edificio Unidad de MorfofisiologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoTlalnepantlaMexico

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