Wetlands

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 957–967 | Cite as

Sensitivity to Low-Temperature Events: Implications for CO2 Dynamics in Subtropical Coastal Ecosystems

  • Sparkle L. Malone
  • Jordan Barr
  • Jose D. Fuentes
  • Steven F. Oberbauer
  • Christina L. Staudhammer
  • Evelyn E. Gaiser
  • Gregory Starr
Original Research

Abstract

We analyzed the ecosystem effects of low-temperature events (<5 °C) over 4 years (2009–2012) in subtropical short and long hydroperiod freshwater marsh and mangrove forests within Everglades National Park. To evaluate changes in ecosystem productivity, we measured temporal patterns of CO2 and the normalized difference vegetation index over the study period. Both water levels and distance from the coast influenced the ecosystem response to low-temperature events. Photosynthetic capacity, or the maximum CO2 uptake rate, and sensitivity to low-temperature events were much higher in mangrove forest than in freshwater marsh ecosystems. During low-temperature events photosynthetic capacity was enhanced in freshwater marsh while it declined in mangrove forests, and respiration rates declined across Everglades ecosystems. While the long hydroperiod freshwater marsh gained 0.26 g CO2 m−2 during low-temperature events, the mangrove forest had the greatest C lost (7.11 g CO2 m−2 low-temperature event−1) followed by the short hydroperiod freshwater marsh (0.37 g CO2 m−2 low-temperature event−1). Results suggest that shifts in the frequency and intensity of weather anomalies with climate change can alter C assimilation rates in Everglades ecosystems through effects on the photosynthetic capacity of existing species, which might lead to changes in species composition and ecosystem productivity in the future.

Keywords

Low-temperature events Everglades National Park Ecosystem sensitivity CO2 fluxes Eddy covariance ARIMA models 

Supplementary material

13157_2016_810_MOESM1_ESM.tif (106 kb)
High resolution image (TIFF 105 kb)
13157_2016_810_MOESM2_ESM.tif (416 kb)
High resolution image (TIFF 415 kb)
13157_2016_810_MOESM3_ESM.tif (179 kb)
High resolution image (TIFF 179 kb)

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Copyright information

© US Government 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sparkle L. Malone
    • 1
  • Jordan Barr
    • 2
  • Jose D. Fuentes
    • 3
  • Steven F. Oberbauer
    • 4
  • Christina L. Staudhammer
    • 5
  • Evelyn E. Gaiser
    • 4
  • Gregory Starr
    • 5
  1. 1.Rocky Mountain Research StationFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Elder ResearchCharlottesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of MeteorologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biological SciencesFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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