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Wetlands

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 863–874 | Cite as

Relationships between Vegetation Succession, Pore Water Chemistry and CH4 and CO2 Production in a Transitional Mire of Western Siberia (Tyumen Oblast)

  • T.-M. WertebachEmail author
  • K.-H. Knorr
  • M. Lordieck
  • N. Tretiakov
  • C. Blodau
  • N. Hölzel
  • T. Kleinebecker
Original Research

Abstract

We present data on a transitional mire in South-Western Siberia that evolved from early thermokarst lake succession. The vegetation of the mire shows a remarkable zonation from the edges to the center. Vegetation, peat characteristics, pH and electric conductivity were recorded at 10 sites along a transect of 1.5 km. At two of the transect points with contrasting vegetation and succession stage (floating mat vs. birch forest) pore water peepers were inserted once for 3 weeks and pore waters of the upper 60 cm were analyzed for major anions and cations, and dissolved CO2 and CH4 concentrations. Pore waters substantially differed between the floating mat and the birch forest regarding base cation chemistry and pH whilst nutrient availability was comparable. Compared to literature, depth integrated productions (DIPs) of CH4 and CO2 were high for both sites but three times higher for the floating mat (CH4 10.89 mmol m−2 d−1, CO2 34.19 mmol m−2 d−1). Along with other reasons, the higher DOC input at this location seems to be responsible for the higher DIP by fueling higher microbial activity. We discuss driving factors for biogeochemical differences between both sites and draw conclusions on CH4 production during mire evolution.

Keywords

Mire evolution Western Siberia Methane production Biogeochemistry Base cations DOC 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was conducted as part of project SASCHA (‘Sustainable land management and adaption strategies to climate change for the Western Siberian grain belt’). We are grateful for funding by the German Government, Federal Ministry of Education and Research within their Sustainable Land Management funding framework (funding reference 01LL0906F). Thanks to Jörg Müller for determination of the non-Sphagnum bryophytes and to Immo Kämpf for help concerning the field determination of vascular plants. Sebastian Schmidt and Valentin Klaus are acknowledged for helpful discussions regarding our results. Sarah Weking is thanked for help and advice concerning some of the figures. A special thank goes to Andrei Tolstikov and Johannes Kamp as they spent much time on organization of our stays in Russia and established worthy partnerships to Russian colleagues. We thank two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

13157_2016_798_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (15 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 14 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • T.-M. Wertebach
    • 1
    Email author
  • K.-H. Knorr
    • 2
  • M. Lordieck
    • 1
  • N. Tretiakov
    • 3
  • C. Blodau
    • 2
  • N. Hölzel
    • 1
  • T. Kleinebecker
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Landscape Ecology, Working Group Biodiversity and Ecosystem ResearchUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Landscape Ecology, Working Group Ecohydrology and BiogeochemistryUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  3. 3.Institute for ChemistryTyumen State UniversityTyumenRussian Federation

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