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Wetlands

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 21–36 | Cite as

Impact of Plant Invasion and Increasing Floods on Total Soil Phosphorus and its Fractions in the Minjiang River Estuarine Wetlands, China

  • Wei-Qi Wang
  • Jordi Sardans
  • Cong-Sheng Zeng
  • Chuan Tong
  • Chun Wang
  • Josep Peñuelas
Original Research

Abstract

Plant invasion and increased flooding intensity projected by climate change models can change the soil capacity of marine wetland to store P. This is a key question to the nutrient balances and eutrophication processes of coastal areas, especially in China coastal area that is receiving the freshwaters of a country in fast economical developing process. We studied the impact of changes in flooding intensity and plant invasion on total soil-P concentrations in the Minjiang River estuarine wetland. Flooding had a weak positive effect on soil P-fractions concentrations, but this effect was largely counteracted by the negative effect of salinity. Soil clay concentration and pH, both of which were related more with species community composition than with flooding intensity, were directly related to the P-fraction concentrations. The replacement of the native mangrove community by the invasive plant Phragmites australis was related to a decrease in the soil capacity to store P. A suitable management to maintain this wetland area in optimum conditions to act as a natural eutrophication buffer should tend to favor mangrove communities in the new areas that reach more than 220 days y-1 of flooding, and a combination of the three tall-grasses communities below this level of flooding.

Keywords

Clay Flooding Invasive plants Cyperus malaccensis Mangrove Phragmites australis N:P Soil P Soil P fractions Soil pH Soil texture Scirpus triqueter 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation of China (31000209), the Fujian Provincial Department of Education Foundation (JA13081), the European Research Council Synergy grant ERC-2013-SyG-610028 IMBALANCE-P, the Spanish Government (CGL2013-48074-P) and the Catalan Government (SGR 2014-274).

Supplementary material

13157_2015_712_MOESM1_ESM.docx (318 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 318 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeographyFujian Normal UniversityFujianChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process, Ministry of EducationFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.CSIC, Global Ecology Unit CREAF-CSIC-UABCerdanyola del VallèsSpain
  4. 4.CREAFCerdanyola del VallèsSpain

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