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Wetlands

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 871–886 | Cite as

Seasonal Pattern of Tidal-Flat Topography along the Jiangsu Middle Coast, China, Using HJ-1 Optical Images

  • Yongxue Liu
  • Manchun Li
  • Liang Mao
  • Liang Cheng
  • Kefeng Chen
Article

Abstract

Seasonal topographical changes in the intertidal zone are of high interest in many parts of the world. Due to existing challenges in mapping this dynamics, little is known about the seasonal pattern of tidal flats. This research aims to fill the knowledge gap by using optical images from the Chinese HJ-1 satellites constellation. A case study was conducted at the Jiangsu middle coast, a typical tidal flat region in China. Firstly, 455 optical images from the HJ-1 Satellites were collected to construct seasonal tidal flat Digital Elevation Models (DEMs). Next, synchronous Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) DEM and ground survey data were collected to validate the accuracy of the seasonal tidal flat DEMs. Finally, seasonal pattern of the tidal flats was demonstrated based on a time series of DEM volume comparison. The results show: (1) the HJ-1 images are qualified data source to produce satisfactory tidal flat DEMs with high spatio-temporal resolution and acceptable vertical accuracy. (2) In general, there are apparent erosion-and-deposition cycles in the Jiangsu middle coast, with deposition during the Winter and erosion during the Summer. Furthermore, the derived seasonal patterns differ notably among the five major sandbanks.

Keywords

Tidal flats Coastal morphology Digital elevation model Seasonal pattern HJ-1 satellites constellation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NO. 41171325, NO. 40701117, NO. 41230751, and NO. J1103408), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-0264), the National Key Project of Scientific and Technical Supporting Programs funded by the Ministry of Science & Technology of China (NO. 2012BAH28B02), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities and PAPD (Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions). The authors are grateful to the China Center for Resource Satellite Data and Applications (CRESDA) for providing the CBERS CCD, HJ-1A/B optical images, to the Center for Earth Observation and Digital Earth (CEODE, China) for providing the IRS-P6 LiSS/AWiFS images, and to the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS, USA) for providing the EO-1 ALI images. The authors are also grateful for the valuable tidal flat transects data provided by Dr. Xianrong Ding (Hohai University, HHU). Any errors or shortcoming in the paper are the responsibility of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongxue Liu
    • 1
  • Manchun Li
    • 2
  • Liang Mao
    • 3
  • Liang Cheng
    • 4
  • Kefeng Chen
    • 5
  1. 1.Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and TechnologyNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Geographic and Oceanographic SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of GeographyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Geographic Information ScienceNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Nanjing Hydraulic Research InstituteNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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