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Wetlands

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 59–71 | Cite as

Changes in Diameter Growth of Taxodium distichum in Response to Flow Alterations in the Savannah River

  • Monica M. PaltaEmail author
  • Thomas W. Doyle
  • C. Rhett Jackson
  • Judy L. Meyer
  • Rebecca R. Sharitz
Article

Abstract

Efforts to maximize or restore ecological function on floodplains impacted by dam construction have increasingly focused on river flow management. Few studies, however, consider floodplain hydrogeomorphic position and annual climatic variation in dam impact assessment. The Savannah River, a large river ecosystem in the Southeastern United States, was impounded in the 1950’s. Our study objectives were: (1) Characterize hydrology in floodplain areas containing Taxodium distichum, and determine how it has been affected by dam operations; (2) Identify basal area increment (BAI) response of Taxodium to annual flooding and climate (dry, average, wet) conditions; (3) Assess BAI response to dam-induced hydrologic changes. Levee and backswamp sites were significantly drier in the post-dam era, and trees at these sites showed a significant post-dam increase in BAI. Low-elevation river sites did not show significant hydrologic differences between pre- and post-dam eras, but BAI was significantly higher in dry years and significantly less sensitive to hydroperiod in the post-dam era. All trees demonstrated a significant quadratic BAI vs. hydroperiod relationship. This study demonstrates that annual productivity of Taxodium trees can be reduced by either drought or flood stress. It also suggests that climate and hydrogeomorphic location mediate dam impacts and productivity-flooding relationships in Taxodium.

Keywords

Dam operations Flooding Subsidy-stress hypothesis Tree ring analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Paul Stankus, Will Duncan, Kimberly Andrews, Nick Lumley, Cub Stephens, Gayle Albers, Jeff Diez, Jamie Williams, and Paul Koehler for field assistance. Thanks also to the Savannah River Ecology Lab, Cowden Plantation, and Silver Bluff Plantation, for use of field sites and equipment; Mari Palta, for assistance in statistical analysis; and Will Conner, for providing comments on earlier drafts of this article. Manuscript preparation was aided by Financial Assistance Award No. DE-FC09-96SR18546 between the U.S. Department of Energy and the University of Georgia.

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (PDF 715 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica M. Palta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas W. Doyle
    • 2
  • C. Rhett Jackson
    • 3
  • Judy L. Meyer
    • 4
  • Rebecca R. Sharitz
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Ecology & EvolutionRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.USGS, National Wetlands Research CenterLaFayetteUSA
  3. 3.Warnell School of ForestryUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  4. 4.Odum School of EcologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  5. 5.Department of Plant ScienceUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  6. 6.Savannah River Ecology LaboratoryAikenUSA

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