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Raumforschung und Raumordnung

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 285–291 | Cite as

How do cities and regions adapt to socio-economic crisis? Towards an institutionalist approach to urban and regional resilience

  • Thilo LangEmail author
Wissenschaftlicher Beitrag

Abstract

This paper depicts resilience as a systemic ‘adaptive capacity’ to cope with social and economic crisis situations at the urban and regional level. It argues that the notion of resilience has to be conceptualised in such a way that processes of and (institutional) frameworks for decision making are recognized. Such an understanding suggests a new institutionalist approach to governance may be useful, one highlighting dominant norms, perceptions and paradigms leading to particular forms of action. Under the axiom of a socially constructed world the benefit of the notion of resilience as an analytical tool in urban and regional studies lies in a better understanding of change in complex systems of socio-spatial interdependencies. It thus has the potential to fill a gap in new institutional theory and contemporary governance research.

Keywords

Resilience Urban and regional development Economic crisis Governance New institutional theory 

Wie reagieren Städte und Regionen auf sozio-ökonomische Krisen? Überlegungen zu einem von der neuen Institutionentheorie beeinflussten Verständnis von Resilienz

Zusammfassung

Der Beitrag begreift Resilienz als eine Art systemische Anpassungskapazität an sozioökonomische Krisensituationen auf städtischer und regionaler Ebene. Der Begriff der Resilienz sollte auf eine Art und Weise konzeptionalisiert werden, dass er Prozesse und (institutionelle) Rahmenbedingungen der Entscheidungsfindung berücksichtigt. Dieses Verständnis impliziert einen von der neuen Institutionentheorie beeinflussten Zugang zu Fragen der Governance, der dominante Normen, Sichtweisen und Paradigmen in ihrer Wirkung hinsichtlich bestimmter Handlungsweisen berücksichtigt. Der Beitrag der Resilienzforschung zu einer Stadt- und Raumforschung, die dem Grundverständnis einer sozial konstruierten Welt folgt, liegt in einem besseren Verständnis von Wandlungsprozessen in komplexen Systemen mit sozialräumlichen Wechselwirkungen. Ein solcher Zugang hat damit das Potenzial, eine Lücke in der neuen Institutionentheorie und der aktuellen Governanceforschung zu schließen.

Schlüsselwörter

Resilienz Stadt- und Regionalentwicklung ökonomische Krisen Governance neue Institutionentheorie 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz-Institut für LänderkundeLeipzigDeutschland

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