Advertisement

Response to the comments made by Möller, P., E. Rosenthal, E. and Siebert, C. to the paper “The Sdom evaporite formation in Israel and its relationship with the Messinian Salinity Crisis” by J. Charrach

  • J. CharrachEmail author
Short Communication
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

I thank the discussors for their critique of the above paper. In geology there are rarely any absolute models but working hypotheses, which will be modified with new data. The paper under discussion, Charrach (Carbonates Evaporites 33:727–766, 2018a), presents a very new large data set, which is multi-disciplinary and integrated the most recent research. The critique by Möller et al. (Carbonates Evaporites  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13146-019-00486-3, 2019) and their paper of 2018 (Int J Earth Sci 107:2409–2431, 2018),  presents a computer simulation, which must be validated with field evidence and recent research in the area, and not based on assumptions, which have turned into facts over time. The discussors may be unfamiliar with the geological research that has been published over the last 20 years in the areas under consideration. Furthermore, the research on marine–non-marine evaporite formations is hardly considered in their discussion, yet much has been published.

Keywords

Evaporites Geology Geochemistry Sdom formation Messinian salinity crisis Geochronology 

Notes

References

  1. Belitzky S (2002) The morphotectonic structure of the lower Jordan Valley—an active segment of the Dead Sea rift, vol 2. Copernicus Publications, Germany, pp 95–103Google Scholar
  2. Belmaker R, Lazar B, Beer J, Christl M, Tepelakov N, Stein M (2013) 10Be datiing of Neogene Halite. Geochemica Acta 122:418–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Casas E, Lowenstein TK, Spencer RJ, Zhang Pengxi (1992) Carnallite mineralization in the non-marine, Qaidam basin, China: evidence for the early diagenetic origin of potash evaporites. J Sediment Pet 62(5):881–898Google Scholar
  4. Charrach J (2018a) The Sdom evaporite formation in Israel and its relationship with the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Carbonates Evaporites 33:727–766.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13146-017-0410-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Charrach J (2018b) Investigations into the Holocene geology of the Dead Sea basin. Carbonates Evaporites.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13146-018-0454-x Google Scholar
  6. Flecker R, Ellam RM (2006) Identifying late Miocene episodes of connection and isolation in the Mediterranean–Paratethyan realm using Sr isotopes. Sediment Geol 188:189–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gardosh M, Buchbinder B, Druckman Y, Calvo R (2008) The Oligo Miocene deep water system of the Levant basin. Geological Survey of Israel Rep. GSI/33/2008, 73 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Gvirtzman Z, Peleg N (2006) The potential for amplification in the soils of the Zevulun Basin. Part 2. Geological sections and major faults. Geological Survey of Israel Report GSI/11/06Google Scholar
  9. Hanford CR (1991) Marginal marine halite: sabhas and salinas. In: Melvin JL (ed) Developments in sedimentology, vol 50. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1–66Google Scholar
  10. Hardie LA (1990) The role of rifting and hydrothermal brines in the origin of potash evaporites: an hypothesis. Am J Sci 290:43–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hardie LA (1991) On the significance of evaporites. Annu Rev of Earth Planet Sci 19:131–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Krijgsman W, Stoica M, Vasiliev I, Popov VV (2010) Rise and fall of the Paratethys Sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Earth Planet Sci Lett 290:183–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Matmon A, Wdowinski S, Hall JK (2003) Morphological and structural relations in the Galilee extension domain, northern Israel. Tectonophysics 371:223–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Matmon A, Fink D, Davis M, Niederman S, Rood D, Frumkin A (2014) Unraveling rift margin evolution and escarpment development ages along the Dead Sea fault using cosmogenic burial ages. Quat Res 82:281–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Möller P, Rosenthal E, Inbar N, Siebert C (2018) Development of the Inland Sea and its evaporites in the Jordan-Dead Sea transform based on hydrogeochemical considerations and the geological consequences. Int J Earth Sci 107:2409–2431.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-018-1605-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Möller P, Rosenthal E, Siebert C (2019) Comments on “The Sdom evaporite formation in Israel and its relationship with the Messinian Salinity Crisis” by J.Charrach. Carbonates Evaporites.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13146-019-00486-3 Google Scholar
  17. Roveri M, Flecker R, Krijgsman W, Lof J, Lugli S, Manzi V, Sierro FJ, Bertini A, Camerlenghi A, De Lange G, Rob Govers, Hilgen FJ, Hubscher C, Meijer PT, Stocia M (2014) The Messinian Salinity Crisis: past and future of a great challenge for maine sciences. Mar Geol 352:25–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rozenbaum AG (2017) The late Miocene–early Pliocene Bira and Gesher Formations: geochronology, deposition Report GSI/28/2017, p 240Google Scholar
  19. Ryan WBF (2008) Modeling the magnitude and timing of evaporite drawdown during the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Stratigraphy 5(3–4):227–243Google Scholar
  20. Stein M, Starinsky A, Agnon A, Katz A, Raab M, Zak I (2000) The impact of brine-rock interaction during marine evaporite formation on the isotope Sr record in the oceans: evidence from Mt. Sedom, Israel. Geochem Cosmochem Acta 64(12):2039–2053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Steinitz G, Bartov Y (1991) The Miocene–Pleistocene history of the Dead Sea segment of the rift in light of K–Ar of basalts. Isr J Earth Sci 40:199–208Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MetarIsrael

Personalised recommendations