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Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 143–152 | Cite as

Spatial analysis of geologic and hydrologic features relating to sinkhole occurrence in Jefferson County, West Virginia

  • Daniel H. DoctorEmail author
  • Katarina Z. Doctor
Original Article

Abstract

In this study the influence of geologic features related to sinkhole susceptibility was analyzed and the results were mapped for the region of Jefferson County, West Virginia. A model of sinkhole density was constructed using Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) that estimated the relations among discrete geologic or hydrologic features and sinkhole density at each sinkhole location. Nine conditioning factors on sinkhole occurrence were considered as independent variables: distance to faults, fold axes, fracture traces oriented along bedrock strike, fracture traces oriented across bedrock strike, ponds, streams, springs, quarries, and interpolated depth to groundwater. GWR model parameter estimates for each variable were evaluated for significance, and the results were mapped. The results provide visual insight into the influence of these variables on localized sinkhole density, and can be used to provide an objective means of weighting conditioning factors in models of sinkhole susceptibility or hazard risk.

Keywords

Sinkholes Spatial statistics Karst West virginia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag (outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Geological Survey, National CenterRestonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Geoinformation ScienceGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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