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An evaluation of ice nuclei characteristics from the long-term measurement data over North China

  • Jinfang Yin
  • Donghai Wang
  • Guoqing Zhai
Article

Abstract

An attempt was made to delineate the characteristics of ice nuclei (IN) over North China using the ground-based measurement data from 1963–2003. The results show that: (1) the IN concentrations increased during the period from 1963–1996, but decreased after 2000; (2) the average IN concentrations range from 1.0 to 26.3, 3.6 to 78.9, 19.2 to 627.3, and 92.9 to 5285.0 L−1 at temperature −15, −20, −25, and −30°C, with the overall average of 7.8, 20.6, 167.7, and 890.6 L−1, respectively; and (3) the number concentration of active IN increased nearly exponentially with decreasing temperature, with the slope (ranging from 0.11 to 0.42°C−1) being of a narrow range in a log-linear coordinate; the regression equations for the western central China and the eastern central China can be expressed as N(T) = 0.0396 exp (−0.317 ΔT) and N(T) = 0.1496 exp (−0.299ΔT), respectively. The present study may be useful toward applications in models for predicting IN effects on the cloud, precipitation and climate over North China.

Key words

Ice nuclei concentration variation parameterization of ice nuclei 

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Copyright information

© Korean Meteorological Society and Springer Netherlands 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Severe WeatherChinese Academy of Meteorological SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Severe WeatherChinese Academy of Meteorological SciencesBeijingChina

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