Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 558–565 | Cite as

The promise of wearable sensors and ecological momentary assessment measures for dynamical systems modeling in adolescents: a feasibility and acceptability study

  • Erin E. Brannon
  • Christopher C. Cushing
  • Christopher J. Crick
  • Tarrah B. Mitchell
Original Research

Abstract

Intervention development can be accelerated by using wearable sensors and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to study how behaviors change within a person. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, intensive EMA method for assessing physiology, behavior, and psychosocial variables utilizing two objective sensors and a mobile application (app). Adolescents (n = 20) enrolled in a 20-day EMA protocol. Participants wore a physiological monitor and an accelerometer that measured sleep and physical activity and completed four surveys per day on an app. Participants provided approximately 81 % of the expected survey data. Participants were compliant to the wrist-worn accelerometer (75.3 %), which is a feasible measurement of physical activity/sleep (74.1 % complete data). The data capture (47.8 %) and compliance (70.28 %) with the physiological monitor were lower than other study variables. The findings support the use of an intensive assessment protocol to study real-time relationships between biopsychosocial variables and health behaviors.

Keywords

Feasibility Ecological momentary assessment Physical activity Adolescents Wearable sensors 

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Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erin E. Brannon
    • 1
  • Christopher C. Cushing
    • 2
  • Christopher J. Crick
    • 3
  • Tarrah B. Mitchell
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  2. 2.Clinical Child Psychology ProgramUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  3. 3.Computer Science DepartmentOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

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