Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 509–518 | Cite as

Exploring the theoretical pathways through which asthma app features can promote adolescent self-management

  • Delesha M. Carpenter
  • Lorie L. Geryk
  • Adam Sage
  • Courtney Arrindell
  • Betsy L. Sleath
Original Research

Abstract

Asthma apps often lack strong theoretical underpinnings. We describe how specific features of asthma apps influenced adolescents’ self-observation, self-judgment, and self-reactions, which are key constructs of Self-Regulation Theory (SRT). Adolescents (ages 12–16) with persistent asthma (n = 20) used two asthma self-management apps over a 1-week period. During semi-structured interviews, participants identified their asthma goals and the app features that best promoted self-observation, self-judgment, and fostered positive self-reactions. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed thematically using MAXQDA. Adolescents’ goals were to reduce the impact of asthma on their lives. Adolescents reported that self-check quizzes, reminders, and charting features increased their ability to self-observe and self-judge their asthma, which, in turn, helped them feel more confident they could manage their asthma independently and keep their asthma well-controlled. Asthma apps can positively influence adolescents’ self-management behaviors via increased self-observation, self-judgment, and increased self-efficacy.

Keywords

Adolescent Asthma Self-management App mHealth Self-Regulation Theory 

Supplementary material

13142_2016_402_MOESM1_ESM.doc (38 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 37 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Delesha M. Carpenter
    • 1
  • Lorie L. Geryk
    • 2
  • Adam Sage
    • 2
  • Courtney Arrindell
    • 2
  • Betsy L. Sleath
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy at the Eshelman School of PharmacyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillAshevilleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy at the Eshelman School of PharmacyChapel HillUSA

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