Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 201–208 | Cite as

Using qualitative comparative analysis to understand and quantify translation and implementation

  • Heather Kane
  • Megan A Lewis
  • Pamela A Williams
  • Leila C Kahwati
Original research

ABSTRACT

Understanding the factors that facilitate implementation of behavioral medicine programs into practice can advance translational science. Often, translation or implementation studies use case study methods with small sample sizes. Methodological approaches that systematize findings from these types of studies are needed to improve rigor and advance the field. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is a method and analytical approach that can advance implementation science. QCA offers an approach for rigorously conducting translational and implementation research limited by a small number of cases. We describe the methodological and analytic approach for using QCA and provide examples of its use in the health and health services literature. QCA brings together qualitative or quantitative data derived from cases to identify necessary and sufficient conditions for an outcome. QCA offers advantages for researchers interested in analyzing complex programs and for practitioners interested in developing programs that achieve successful health outcomes.

KEYWORDS

Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) Methods for translational and implementation research Case study 

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Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Kane
    • 1
  • Megan A Lewis
    • 1
  • Pamela A Williams
    • 1
  • Leila C Kahwati
    • 1
  1. 1.RTI InternationalDurhamUSA

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