Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 350–360 | Cite as

Translating evidence to policy: urban interventions and physical activity promotion in Bogotá, Colombia and Curitiba, Brazil

  • Adriana Díaz del Castillo
  • Olga L Sarmiento
  • Rodrigo S Reis
  • Ross C Brownson


The growing evidence of the influence of urban environment on physical activity (PA) underscore the need for novel policy solutions to address the inequality, lack of space, and limited PA resources in rapidly growing Latin American cities. This study aims to better understand the PA policy process by conducting two case studies of Bogotá’s Ciclovía and Curitiba’s CuritibAtiva. Literature review of peer- and non-peer-reviewed documents and semi-structured interviews with stakeholders was conducted. In the cases of Ciclovía and CuritibAtiva, most policies conducive to program development and sustainability were developed outside the health sector in sports and recreation, urban planning, environment, and transportation. Both programs were developed by governments as initiatives to overcome inequalities and provide quality of life. In both programs, multisectoral policies mainly from recreation and urban planning created a window of opportunity for the development and sustainability of the programs and environments supportive of PA.


Physical activity Health promotion Policy Community interventions 



The authors are deeply indebted to all the people who contributed to this paper by providing information. In alphabetical order they are Lucy Barriga, Miguel Ignacio Bermúdez, Carlos Orlando Ferreira, Rocío Gamez, Juan Camilo Hoyos, Edwin Martínez, Felipe Montes, Guillermo Peñalosa, Mauricio Ramos, Augusto Ramírez Ocampo, Oscar Ruiz, Alfonso Segura, and Roberto Zarama. The authors also want to thank Laura Fernanda Romero and Natalia Salamanca who transcribed all the interviews, James Merrel and Roy Nijhof for their valuable comments on earlier versions of this manuscript, and Diana Fernández and Gustavo Espinel for designing the figures. We also are grateful for the support from Amy Eyler and Ciro Romélio Rodriguez-Añez. This study was funded through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) contract U48/DP000060 (Prevention Research Centers Program) Physical Activity Policy Research Network and Project GUIA (Guide for Useful Interventions for Activity). It also received funding from Colciencias grant 519 2010. Sarmiento received funding from the fund for sustainable mobility research projects by La Universidad de los Andes in Bogotá.


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Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Díaz del Castillo
    • 1
  • Olga L Sarmiento
    • 1
  • Rodrigo S Reis
    • 2
    • 4
  • Ross C Brownson
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Public Health, School of MedicineUniversidad de los AndesBogotáColombia
  2. 2.Department of Physical EducationPontiff Catholic University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social WorkWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physical EducationFederal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  5. 5.Division of Public Health Sciences and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer CenterWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

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