Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 44–51 | Cite as

Differential Diagnosis of Parkinsonism Using Dual-Phase F-18 FP-CIT PET Imaging

  • Soyoung Jin
  • Minyoung Oh
  • Seung Jun Oh
  • Jungsu S. Oh
  • Sang Ju Lee
  • Sun Ju Chung
  • Chong Sik Lee
  • Jae Seung Kim
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging can demonstrate presynaptic dopaminergic neuronal loss in Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, differentiating atypical parkinsonism (APD) from PD is often difficult. We investigated the usefulness of dual-phase F-18 FP-CIT positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in the differential diagnosis of parkinsonism.

Methods

Ninety-eight subjects [five normal, seven drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP), five essential tremor (ET), 24 PD, 20 multiple system atrophy-parkinson type (MSA-P), 13 multiple system atrophy-cerebellar type (MSA-C), 13 progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and 11 dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)] underwent F-18 FP-CIT PET. PET images were acquired at 5 min (early phase) and 3 h (late phase) after F-18 FP-CIT administration (185 MBq). Regional uptake pattern of cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres was assessed on early phase images and striatal DAT binding pattern was assessed on late phase images, using visual, quantitative, and statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analyses.

Results

Striatal DAT binding was normal in normal, ET, DIP, and MSA-C groups, but abnormal in PD, MSA-P, PSP, and DLB groups. No difference was found in regional uptake on early phase images among normal DAT binding groups, except in the MSA-C group. Abnormal DAT binding groups showed different regional uptake pattern on early phase images compared with PD in SPM analysis (FDR < 0.05). When discriminating APD from PD, visual interpretation of the early phase image showed high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity (75.4 % and 100 %, respectively). Regarding the ability to distinguish specific APD, sensitivities were 81 % for MSA-P, 77 % for MSA-C, 23 % for PSP, and 54.5 % for DLB.

Conclusions

Dual-phase F-18 FP-CIT PET imaging is useful in demonstrating striatal DAT loss in neurodegenerative parkinsonism, and also in differentiating APD, particularly MSA, from PD.

Keywords

Atypical parkinsonism Dual-phase F-18 FP-CIT Positron emission tomography PET 

Notes

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest

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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Nuclear Medicine 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soyoung Jin
    • 1
  • Minyoung Oh
    • 1
  • Seung Jun Oh
    • 1
  • Jungsu S. Oh
    • 1
  • Sang Ju Lee
    • 1
  • Sun Ju Chung
    • 2
  • Chong Sik Lee
    • 2
  • Jae Seung Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of MedicineUniversity of UlsanSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, College of MedicineUniversity of UlsanSeoulSouth Korea

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