Constructing the Reconstruction Process: a Smooth Transition Towards Knowledge Society and Economy in Post-Conflict Syria

  • Ibrahim AlnafrahEmail author
  • Sulaiman Mouselli


Reconstruction in post-conflict countries is essential for determining the future shape of economic and social development in those countries. The aim of this study is to formulate a new approach for a reconstruction process oriented towards building a knowledge-based economy. We measure how the Syrian conflict harms knowledge, human, and innovation indicators as the first step in formulating the reconstruction strategy. Hence, the synthetic control method (SCM) and documentary research method (DSM) are used to identify the conflict’s impact on a set of knowledge output variables as well as human development and global innovation indices in Syria. Results indicate that the Syrian conflict had a significant impact on social and economic indicators, as well as on knowledge outputs indicators. However, the greatest impact was on the level of the Human Development Index, where Syria has lost 23.3 years of development in the first 4 years of the conflict. The results also suggested that Syria has lost 20 positions at the level of the Global Innovation Index. Based on those findings, we propose a novel approach for reconstruction in Syria based on non-classical intervention policies that make the reconstruction process a tool oriented towards building a knowledge-based economy.


Reconstruction process Knowledge-based economy Economic and social development Post-conflict countries Transition process Peacebuilding 

Subject Classification Codes

O3 O20 H8 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Intellectual Property and Innovation ManagementITMO UniversitySaint PetersburgRussian Federation
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsDamascus UniversityDamascusSyria
  3. 3.Arab International UniversityDamascusSyria

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