Advertisement

Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 38, Issue 8, pp 101–110 | Cite as

Changes in sea ice kinematics in the Arctic outflow region and their associations with Arctic Northeast Passage accessibility

  • Dawei Gui
  • Xiaoping Pang
  • Ruibo LeiEmail author
  • Xi Zhao
  • Jia Wang
Article

Abstract

Amplification of climate warming in the Arctic is causing a dramatic retreat of sea ice, which means the Arctic sea routes are becoming increasingly accessible. This study used a satellite-derived sea ice motion product to quantify the kinematic features of sea ice in the Arctic outflow region which specially referred to the Fram Strait and to the north of the Northeast Passage (NEP). An observed trend of increased southward sea ice displacement from the central Arctic to the Fram Strait indicated enhancement of the Transpolar Drift Stream (TDS). In the regions to the north of the NEP, the long-term trend of northward sea ice speed in the Kara sector was +0.04 cm/s per year in spring. A significant statistical relationship was found between the NEP open period and the northward speed of the sea ice to the north of the NEP. The offshore advection of sea ice could account for the opening of sea routes by 33% and 15% in the Kara and Laptev sectors, respectively. The difference in sea level pressure across the TDS, i.e., the Central Arctic Index (CAI), presented more significant correlation than for the Arctic atmospheric Dipole Anomaly index with the open period of the NEP, and the CAI could explain the southward displacement of sea ice toward the Fram Strait by more than 45%. The impact from the summer positive CAI reinforces the thinning and mechanical weakening of the sea ice in the NEP region, which improves the navigability of the NEP.

Key words

sea ice Arctic Northeast Passage Transpolar Drift Stream atmospheric circulation indices 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bareiss J, Görgen K. 2005. Spatial and temporal variability of sea ice in the Laptev Sea: analyses and review of satellite passive-microwave data and model results, 1979 to 2002. Global and Planetary Change, 48(1–3): 28–54, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha. 2004.12.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cavalieri D J, Parkinson C L, Gloersen P, et al. 1996. Sea ice concentrations from nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I-SSMIS passive microwave data, version 1. Boulder, Colorado USA: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data CenterGoogle Scholar
  3. Comiso J C, Hall D K. 2014. Climate trends in the Arctic as observed from space. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5(3): 389–409, doi: 10.1002/wcc.277Google Scholar
  4. Dmitrenko I, Kirillov S, Eicken H, et al. 2005. Wind-driven summer surface hydrography of the eastern Siberian shelf. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(14): L14613Google Scholar
  5. Dmitrenko I A, Kirillov S A, Tremblay L B. 2008. The long-term and interannual variability of summer fresh water storage over the eastern Siberian shelf: implication for climatic change. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(C3): C03007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dmitrenko I A, Kirillov S A, Tremblay L B, et al. 2009. Sea-ice production over the Laptev Sea shelf inferred from historical summer-to-winter hydrographic observations of 1960s-1990s. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(13): L13605, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Haller M, Brümmer B, Müller G. 2014. Atmosphere-ice forcing in the transpolar drift stream: results from the DAMOCLES ice-buoy campaigns 2007–2009. The Cryosphere, 8(1): 275–288, doi: 10.5194/tc-8-275-2014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hurrell J W. 1995. Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: regional temperatures and precipitation. Science, 269(5224): 676–679, doi: 10.1126/science.269.5224.676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hwang B. 2013. Inter-comparison of satellite sea ice motion with drifting buoy data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 34(24): 8741–8763, doi: 10.1080/01431161.2013.848309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Itkin P, Krumpen T. 2017. Winter sea ice export from the Laptev Sea preconditions the local summer sea ice cover and fast ice decay. The Cryosphere, 11(5): 2383–2391, doi: 10.5194/tc-11-2383-2017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Krumpen T, Janout M, Hodges K I, et al. 2013. Variability and trends in Laptev Sea ice outflow between 1992–2011. The Cryosphere, 7(1): 349–363, doi: 10.5194/tc-7-349-2013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kwok R. 2000. Recent changes in Arctic Ocean sea ice motion associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 27(6): 775–778, doi: 10.1029/1999GL002382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kwok R, Rothrock D A. 1999. Variability of fram strait ice flux and North Atlantic Oscillation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C3): 5177–5189, doi: 10.1029/1998JC900103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kwok R, Spreen G, Pang S. 2013. Arctic sea ice circulation and drift speed: decadal trends and ocean currents. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(5): 2408–2425Google Scholar
  15. Lasserre F, Pelletier S. 2011. Polar super seaways? Maritime transport in the Arctic: an analysis of shipowners’ intentions. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(6): 1465–1473, doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2011.08.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lavergne T, Eastwood S, Teffah Z, et al. 2010. Sea ice motion from low-resolution satellite sensors: an alternative method and its validation in the Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(C10): C10032, doi: 10.1029/2009JC005958CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lei Ruibo, Heil P, Wang Jia, et al. 2016. Characterization of sea-ice kinematic in the Arctic outflow region using buoy data. Polar Research, 35(1): 22658, doi: 10.3402/polar.v35.22658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lei Ruibo, Xie Hongjie, Wang Jia, et al. 2015. Changes in sea ice conditions along the Arctic Northeast Passage from 1979 to 2012. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 119: 132–144, doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2015.08.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lindsay R, Schweiger A. 2015. Arctic Sea ice thickness loss determined using subsurface, aircraft, and satellite observations. The Cryosphere, 9(1): 269–283, doi: 10.5194/tc-9-269-2015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nghiem S V, Rigor I G, Perovich D K, et al. 2007. Rapid reduction of Arctic perennial sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(19): L19504, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Parkinson C L, Cavalieri D J, Gloersen P, et al. 1999. Arctic sea ice extents, areas, and trends, 1978–1996. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C9): 20837–20856, doi: 10.1029/1999JC900082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Preußer A, Heinemann G, Willmes S, et al. 2016. Circumpolar polynya regions and ice production in the Arctic: results from MODIS thermal infrared imagery from 2002/2003 to 2014/2015 with a regional focus on the Laptev Sea. The Cryosphere, 10(6): 3021–3042, doi: 10.5194/tc-10-3021-2016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rigor I G, Wallace J M, Colony R L. 2002. Response of sea ice to the Arctic Oscillation. Journal of Climate, 15(18): 2648–2663, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<2648:ROSITT>2.0.CO;2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Spreen G, Kwok R, Menemenlis D. 2011. Trends in Arctic sea ice drift and role of wind forcing: 1992–2009. Geophysical Research Letters, 38(19): L19501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sumata H, Lavergne T, Girard-Ardhuin F, et al. 2014. An intercom-parison of Arctic ice drift products to deduce uncertainty estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119(8): 4887–4921Google Scholar
  26. Thompson D W J, Wallace J M. 1998. The Arctic oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophysical Research Letters, 25(9): 1297–1300, doi: 10.1029/98GL00950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tschudi M, Fowler C, Meier W. 2016. Polar pathfinder daily 25 km EASE-Grid sea ice motion vectors, version 3. Boulder, Colorado USA: NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive CenterGoogle Scholar
  28. Vihma T, Tisler P, Uotila P. 2012. Atmospheric forcing on the drift of Arctic sea ice in 1989–2009. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(2): L02501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang Jia, Ikeda M. 2000. Arctic oscillation and Arctic sea-ice oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 27(9): 1287–1290, doi: 10.1029/1999GL002389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang Jia, Zhang Jinlun, Watanabe E, et al. 2009. Is the Dipole Anomaly a major driver to record lows in Arctic summer sea ice extent?. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(5): L05706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wu Bingyi, Wang Jia, Walsh J E. 2006. Dipole anomaly in the winter arctic atmosphere and its association with Sea Ice Motion. Journal of Climate, 19(2): 210–225, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3619.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhang Xiangdong, Ikeda M, Walsh J E. 2003. Arctic sea ice and freshwater changes driven by the atmospheric leading mode in a coupled sea ice-ocean model. Journal of Climate, 16(13): 2159–2177, doi: 10.1175/2758.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dawei Gui
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoping Pang
    • 1
  • Ruibo Lei
    • 2
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xi Zhao
    • 1
  • Jia Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and MappingWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.MNR Key Laboratory for Polar SciencePolar Research Institute of ChinaShanghaiChina
  3. 3.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Great Lakes Environmental Research LaboratoryAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations