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Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 38, Issue 8, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Nitrogen uptake regime regulated by ice melting during austral summer in the Prydz Bay, Antarctica

  • Run Zhang
  • Qiang Ma
  • Min ChenEmail author
  • Minfang Zheng
  • Jianping Cao
  • Yusheng Qiu
Article

Abstract

Using a combination of stable isotope (15N) and radionuclide (226Ra) analyses, we examine possible controls on the interactions between melting ice and the uptake of nitrogen in the Prydz Bay during the 2006 austral summer. We find that specific rates of uptake for nitrate and ammonium correlate positively to their concentrations, thus suggesting a substrate effect. In the study area, we observe that regions along open, oceanic water have high f-ratios (nitrate uptake/nitrate+ammonium uptake), while areas near the Amery Ice Shelf have significantly low f-ratios. Further analysis reveals a negative correlation between the f-ratio and the melt water fraction, thus implying that the melting of ice plays an essential role in regulating pelagic N dynamics in the Southern Ocean (SO). Stratification, produced by melting ice, should profoundly affect the efficiency of the SO’s biological pump and consequently affect the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. Results presented in this study add information to an already significant base of understanding of the controls on pelagic C and N dynamics in the SO. This provides unique insights for either interpreting past changes in geologic records or for predicting future climate change trends.

Key words

nitrogen uptake regime ice melting Prydz Bay Antarctica 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the captain and crew of the icebreaker R/V Xuelong, and the CHINARE scientists for providing invaluable assistance while sampling on the sea. Thanks are due to the CHINARE project for environmental data. We also thank Huabin Mao for helpful discussion.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Run Zhang
    • 1
  • Qiang Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Min Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Minfang Zheng
    • 1
  • Jianping Cao
    • 1
  • Yusheng Qiu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Ocean and Earth SciencesXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Estuarine Ecological Security and Enviromental HealthXiamen University Tan Kah Kee CollegeZhangzhouChina

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