Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton assemblages and its controlling factors in spring and summer in the Subei Shoal of Yellow Sea, China

  • Yuanzi HuoEmail author
  • Honghua Shi
  • Jianheng Zhang
  • Qiao Liu
  • Yuanliang Duan
  • Qing He
  • Kefeng Yu
  • Hongsheng Bi
  • Chunlei Fan
  • Peimin He


The Subei Shoal is a special coastal area with complex physical oceanographic properties in the Yellow Sea. In the present study, the distribution of phytoplankton and its correlation with environmental factors were studied during spring and summer of 2012 in the Subei Shoal of the Yellow Sea. Phytoplankton species composition and abundance data were accomplished by Utermöhl method. Diatoms represented the greatest cellular abundance during the study period. In spring, the phytoplankton cell abundance ranged from 1.59×103 to 269.78×103 cell/L with an average of 41.80×103 cell/L, and Skeletonema sp. and Paralia sulcata was the most dominant species. In summer, the average phytoplankton cell abundance was 72.59×103 cell/L with the range of 1.78×103 to 574.96×103 cell/L, and the main dominant species was Pseudo-nitzschia pungens, Skeletonema sp., Dactyliosolen fragilissima and Chaetoceros curvisetus. The results of a redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that turbidity, temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), the ratio of dissolved inorganic nitrogen to silicate and SiO4-Si (DIN/SiO4-Si) were the most important environmental factors controlling phytoplankton assemblages in spring or summer in the Subei Shoal of the Yellow Sea.

Key words

phytoplankton Subei Shoal eutrophication turbidity harmful algae blooms Yellow Sea 


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We thank the crew of the R/V Maritime Surveillance 59 for their assistance in the field.


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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuanzi Huo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Honghua Shi
    • 3
  • Jianheng Zhang
    • 1
  • Qiao Liu
    • 1
  • Yuanliang Duan
    • 1
  • Qing He
    • 1
  • Kefeng Yu
    • 1
  • Hongsheng Bi
    • 2
  • Chunlei Fan
    • 4
  • Peimin He
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Marine Ecology and EnvironmentShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Chesapeake Biological LaboratoryUniversity of Maryland Center for Environmental ScienceSolomonsUSA
  3. 3.First Institute of OceanographyMinistry of Natural ResourcesQingdaoChina
  4. 4.Biology Department, Patuxent Environmental & Aquatic Research LaboratoryMorgan State UniversitySaint LeonardUSA

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