Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 37, Issue 12, pp 35–44 | Cite as

Zooplankton composition and distribution in the Lembeh Strait of North Sulawesi, Indonesia

  • Yanguo Wang
  • Xiaoyin Chen
  • Bingpeng Xing
  • Rouxin Sun
  • Nurul Fitria
  • Peng Xiang
  • Chunguang Wang
  • Mao LinEmail author


Based on oceanographic survey data in June 2012 in the Lembeh Strait, the zooplankton ecological characteristics such as species composition, individual abundance, dominant species and distribution were analyzed. The results showed that 183 species (including 4 sp.) had been recognized, most of them belonged to copepoda. Cnidaria followed with 43 species (including 1 sp.) were identified. The average abundance of zooplankton was (150.47±58.91) ind./m3. As to the horizontal distribution, the abundance of the zooplankton was higher in the southern waters than in the northern waters. The dominant species in the study area were Lensia subtiloides, Sagitta enflata, Lucifer intermedius, Oikopleura rufescens, Diphyes chamissoni, Creseis acicula, Subeucalanus subcrassus, Temora discaudata, Aglaura hemistoma, Doliolum denticulatum, Canthocalanus pauper, Oikopleura longicauda and Nanomia bijuga. Zooplankton biodiversity indexes were higher in study area than previous study in the other regions. The findings from this study provide important baseline information for future research and monitoring programs.

Key words

zooplankton species composition dominant species distribution Lembeh Strait 


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The authors are grateful to all the members of the cruise for their assistance during the sampling. The authors thank Hikmah Thoha from Research Center of Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia for providing the reference.


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanguo Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaoyin Chen
    • 1
  • Bingpeng Xing
    • 1
  • Rouxin Sun
    • 1
  • Nurul Fitria
    • 2
  • Peng Xiang
    • 1
  • Chunguang Wang
    • 1
  • Mao Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Third Institute of OceanographyMinistry of Natural ResourcesXiamenChina
  2. 2.Research Center for OceanographyIndonesian Institute of SciencesJakartaIndonesia

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