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Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 4–14 | Cite as

Pacific-Indian interocean circulation of the Antarctic Intermediate Water around South Australia

  • Wenjun Yao
  • Jiuxin Shi
Article

Abstract

On the basis of the salinity distribution of isopycnal (σ 0=27.2 kg/m3) surface and in salinity minimum, the Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) around South Australia can be classified into five types corresponding to five regions by using in situ CTD observations. Type 1 is the Tasman AAIW, which has consistent hydrographic properties in the South Coral Sea and the North Tasman Sea. Type 2 is the Southern Ocean (SO) AAIW, parallel to and extending from the Subantarctic Front with the freshest and coldest AAIW in the study area. Type 3 is a transition between Type 1 and Type 2. The AAIW transforms from fresh to saline with the latitude declining (equatorward). Type 4, the South Australia AAIW, has relatively uniform AAIW properties due to the semienclosed South Australia Basin. Type 5, the Southeast Indian AAIW, progressively becomes more saline through mixing with the subtropical Indian intermediate water from south to north. In addition to the above hydrographic analysis of AAIW, the newest trajectories of Argo (Array for real-time Geostrophic Oceanography) floats were used to constructed the intermediate (1 000 m water depth) current field, which show the major interocean circulation of AAIW in the study area. Finally, a refined schematic of intermediate circulation shows that several currents get together to complete the connection between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. They include the South Equatorial Current and the East Australia Current in the Southwest Pacific Ocean, the Tasman Leakage and the Flinders Current in the South Australia Basin, and the extension of Flinders Current in the southeast Indian Ocean.

Key words

Antarctic Intermediate Water Pacific-Indian interocean circulation South Australia World Ocean Circulation Experiment Argo 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank all the people who have contribute their effort to obtain the data used here.

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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Physical OceanographyOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina

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