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Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 36, Issue 10, pp 48–59 | Cite as

Impacts of oceanographic factors on interannual variability of the winter-spring cohort of neon flying squid abundance in the Northwest Pacific Ocean

  • Wei Yu
  • Xinjun Chen
  • Changsheng Chen
  • Yu Zhang
Article

Abstract

The neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii is an economically important species in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. The life cycle of O. bartramii is highly susceptible to climatic and oceanic factors. In this study, we have examined the impacts of climate variability and local biophysical environments on the interannual variability of the abundance of the western winter-spring cohort of O. bartramii over the period of 1995–2011. The results showed that the squid had experienced alternant positive and negative Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) over the past 17 years during which five El Niño and eight La Niña events occurred. The catch per unit effort (CPUE) was positively correlated with the PDO index (PDOI) at a one-year time lag. An abnormally warm temperature during the La Niña years over the positive PDO phase provided favorable oceanographic conditions for the habitats of O. bartramii, whereas a lower temperature on the fishing ground during the El Niño years over the negative PDO phase generally corresponded to a low CPUE. The same correlation was also found between CPUE and Chl a concentration anomaly. A possible explanation was proposed that the CPUE was likely related to the climateinduced variability of the large-scale circulation in the Northwest Pacific Ocean: high squid abundance often occurred in a year with a significant northward meander of the Kuroshio Current. The Kuroshio Current advected the warmer and food-rich waters into the fishing ground, and multiple meso-scale eddies arising from current instability enhanced the food retention on the fishing ground, all of which were favorable for the life stage development of the western squid stocks. Our results help better understand the potential process that the climatic and oceanographic factors affect the abundance of the winter-spring cohort of O. bartramii in the Northwest Pacific Ocean.

Keywords

Ommastrephes bartramii squid abundance interannual variability PDO-CPUE relationship Kuroshio meandering meso-scale eddies 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Chinese squid-jigging technology group of Shanghai Ocean University for providing the fishery data, and the NOAA Global Argo Data Repository, Ocean-Watch Data Library, the Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Modeling Laboratory (MEDML) at the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth, the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean and the NOAA Climate Prediction Center for providing the environmental data.

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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Yu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xinjun Chen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Changsheng Chen
    • 5
  • Yu Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Marine SciencesShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Research Center for Oceanic FisheriesShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Sustainable Exploitation of Oceanic Fisheries Resources of Ministry of EducationShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Collaborative Innovation Center for Distant-water FisheriesShanghaiChina
  5. 5.School for Marine Science and TechnologyUniversity of Massachusetts DartmouthNew BedfordUSA

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