Advertisement

Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 34, Issue 9, pp 23–34 | Cite as

The impact of Kuroshio water on the source water of the southeastern Taiwan Strait: numerical results

  • Wenzhou Zhang
  • Xuefen Zhuang
  • Chentung Arthur Chen
  • Tinghsuan Huang
Article

Abstract

Model output from a Pacific basin-wide three-dimensional physical-biogeochemical model during the period of 1991 to 2008 was used to investigate the impact of Kuroshio water on the source water of the southeastern Taiwan Strait. Based on the characteristic salinities of both Kuroshio water and the South China Sea water, a Kuroshio impact index (KII) was designed to measure the degree of impact. The KII correlates significantly with the northeast-southwest component of wind stress, but the former lags the latter by approximately two months. The correlation coefficient between them increases from 0.267 4 to 0.852 9, with a lag time increasing from 0 to 63 days. The impact of Kuroshio Water is greater in winter and spring than in summer and autumn. At the interannual time scale, El Niño and La Niña events play an important role in impacting the KII. During El Niño events, more Kuroshio water contributes to the source water of the southeastern Taiwan Strait. Conversely, during La Niña events, less Kuroshio water contributes to the source water.

Keywords

Kuroshio water seasonal variation interannual variation Taiwan Strait 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Caruso M J, Gawarkiewicz G G, Beardsley R C. 2006. Interannual variability of the Kuroshio intrusion in the South China Sea. Journal of Oceanography, 62(4): 559–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen Wen. 2002. Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the cycle of the East Asian winter and summer monsoon. Chinese J Atmos Sci (in Chinese), 26(5): 595–610Google Scholar
  3. Chen C T A, Jan S, Hsuan H T, et al. 2010. Spring of no Kuroshio intrusion in the southern Taiwan Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(C8): C08011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chu P C, Edmons N L, Fan Chenwu. 1999. Dynamical mechanisms for the South China Sea seasonal circulation and thermohaline variabilities. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29(1): 2971–2989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chuang W-S. 1985. Dynamics of subtidal flow in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of the Oceanographical Society of Japan, 41(2): 65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fang Guohong, Chen Haiying, Wei Zexun, et al. 2006. Trends and interannual variability of the South China Sea surface winds, surface height, and surface temperature in the recent decade. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(C11): C11S16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hu Jianyu, Kawamura H, Hong Huasheng, et al. 2000. A review on the currents in the South China Sea: seasonal circulation, South China Sea warm current and Kuroshio intrusion. Journal of Oceanography, 56(6): 607–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hu Jianyu, Kawamura H, Li Chunyan, et al. 2010. Review on current and seawater volume transport through the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 66(5): 591–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huang N E, Shen Zheng, Long S R, et al. 1998. The empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert spectrum for nonlinear and non-stationary time series analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 454(1971): 903–995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Huang T-H, Chen C-T A, Zhang Wenzhou, et al. 2015. Varying intensity of Kuroshio intrusion into Southeast Taiwan Strait during ENSO events. Continental Shelf Research, 103: 79–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jan S, Sheu D D, Kuo H-M. 2006. Water mass and throughflow transport variability in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(C12): C12012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jan S, Tseng Y, Dietrich D E. 2010. Sources of water in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 66(2): 211–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jan S, Wang J, Chern C-S, et al. 2002. Seasonal variation of the circulation in the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Marine Systems, 35(3–4): 249–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jia Yinglai, Liu Qinyu. 2004. Eddy shedding from the Kuroshio bend at Luzon Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 60(6): 1063–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, et al. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40- year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3): 437–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim Y Y, Qu Tangdong, Jensen T, et al. 2004. Seasonal and interannual variations of the North Equatorial Current bifurcation in a high-resolution OGCM. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109(C3): C03040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lai R J, Huang N. 2005. Investigation of vertical and horizontal momentum transfer in the Gulf of Mexico using empirical mode decomposition method. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 35(8): 1383–1402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li Li, Nowlin W D Jr, Su Jilan. 1998. Anticyclonic rings from the Kuroshio in the South China Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 45(9): 1469–1482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liang W-D, Yang Y J, Tang T Y, et al. 2008. Kuroshio in the Luzon Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(C8): C08048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nan Feng, Xue Huijie, Chai Fei, et al. 2011a. Identification of different types of Kuroshio intrusion into the South China Sea. Ocean Dynamics, 61(9): 1291–1304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nan Feng, Xue Huijie, Chai Fei, et al. 2013. Weakening of the Kuroshio intrusion into the South China Sea over the past two decades. Journal of Climate, 26(20): 8097–8110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nan Feng, Xue Huijie, Xiu Peng, et al. 2011b. Oceanic eddy formation and propagation southwest of Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(C12): C12045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Palacz A P, Xue Huijie, Armbrecht C, et al. 2011. Seasonal and interannual changes in the surface chlorophyll of the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(C9): C09015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Qu Tangdong. 2000. Upper-layer circulation in the South China Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30(6): 1450–1460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Qu Tangdong, Kim Y Y, Yaremchuk M, et al. 2004. Can Luzon Strait transport play a role in conveying the impact of ENSO to the South China Sea?. Journal of Climate, 17(18): 3644–3657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shang Shaoling, Zhang Caiyun, Hong Huasheng, et al. 2005. Hydrographic and biological changes in the Taiwan Strait during the 1997–1998 El Niño winter. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(11): L11601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sheremet V A. 2001. Hysteresis of a western boundary current leaping across a gap. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31(5): 1247–1259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tsui I-F, Wu C-R. 2012. Variability analysis of Kuroshio intrusion through Luzon Strait using growing hierarchical self-organizing map. Ocean Dynamics, 62(8): 1187–1194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang J, Chern C-S. 1988. On the Kuroshio branch in the Taiwan Strait during wintertime. Progress in Oceanography, 21(3–4): 469–491Google Scholar
  30. Wang Bin, Wu Renguang, Fu Xiouhua. 2000. Pacific-East Asian teleconnection: how does ENSO affect East Asian climate?. Journal of Climate, 13(9): 1517–1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang Dongxiao, Liu Qinyan, Huang Rui Xin, et al. 2006. Interannual variability of the South China Sea throughflow inferred from wind data and an ocean data assimilation product. Geophysical Research Letters, 33(14): L14605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang Dongxiao, Xu Hongzhou, Lin Jing, et al. 2008. Anticyclonic eddies in the northeastern South China Sea during winter 2003/2004. Journal of Oceanography, 64(6): 925–935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wang Xiaochun, Chao Yi. 2004. Simulated sea surface salinity variability in the tropical Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(2): L02302Google Scholar
  34. Wu C-R, Hsin Y-C. 2012. The forcing mechanism leading to the Kuroshio intrusion into the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(C7): C07015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wu Zhaohua, Huang N E. 2009. Ensemble empirical mode decomposition: a noise-assisted data analysis method. Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis, 1(1): 1–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Xiu Peng, Chai Fei, Shi Lei, et al. 2010. A census of eddy activities in the South China Sea during 1993–2007. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(C3): C03012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yuan Dongliang, Han Weiqing, Hu Dunxin. 2006. Surface Kuroshio path in the Luzon Strait area derived from satellite remote sensing data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(C11): C11007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yuan Yaochu, Liao Guanghong, Yang Chenghao. 2008. The Kuroshio near the Luzon Strait and circulation in the northern South China Sea during August and September 1994. Journal of Oceanography, 64(5): 777–788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yuan Yaochu, Tseng Y-H, Yang Chenghao, et al. 2014. Variation in the Kuroshio intrusion: modeling and interpretation of observations collected around the Luzon Strait from July 2009 to March 2011. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119(6): 3447–3463Google Scholar
  40. Zhang Huaimin, Bates J J, Reynolds R W. 2006. Assessment of composite global sampling: sea surface wind speed. Geophysical Research Letters, 33(17): L17714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhuang Wei, Xie Shangping, Wang Dongxiao, et al. 2010. Intraseasonal variability in sea surface height over the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(C4): C04010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zu Tingting, Wang Dongxiao, Yan Changxiang, et al. 2013. Evolution of an anticyclonic eddy southwest of Taiwan. Ocean Dynamics, 63(5): 519–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenzhou Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xuefen Zhuang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Chentung Arthur Chen
    • 4
    • 5
  • Tinghsuan Huang
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental ScienceXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.Coastal and Ocean Management InstituteXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  3. 3.Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Coastal Ecology and Environmental StudiesXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  4. 4.Department of OceanographyNational Sun Yat-sen UniversityKaohsiungChina
  5. 5.Institute of Marine ResourcesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations