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Organisms Diversity & Evolution

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 355–366 | Cite as

Morphological specificities of vendace (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae: Coregoninae: Coregonus albula) population in Lake Pleshcheyevo (the Volga River basin): relationships of two phylogenetic lineages in a new zone of secondary contact

  • Elena A. Borovikova
  • Valentina S. Artamonova
Original Article

Abstract

This is the report about the secondary contact zone of coregonids in the Upper Volga basin. Two mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogenetic lineages of vendace Coregonus albula (Linnaeus, 1758) living in Lake Pleshcheyevo have been analyzed and compared in terms of morphological characters. These lineages have developed under the conditions of allopatry and are characterized by strong differences of the mitochondrial DNA sequences. The lineages have coexisted in the same lake since the last glaciation maximum (about 10,000 years ago). The morphological analysis has shown that representatives of both lineages correspond to C. albula, while slight, morphological variations between lineages indicate different food preferences and locomotor abilities. Scenarios where multiple distinct coexisting phylogenetic lineages are characterized by low levels of morpho-ecological divergence are uncommon. These situations are important for understanding biodiversity dynamics and the mechanisms that drive coexistence, adaptive divergence, hybridization, and extinction when genetically divergent lineages meet in secondary contact.

Keywords

Vendace Morphological characters Allopatric origin Phylogenetic lineages Lake Pleshcheyevo 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to M.Yu. Fedorov, director of the National Park “Lake Pleshcheyevo,” as well as the personnel of the national park and our colleagues from IBIW RAS, for various help in collecting the material; Yulia V. Kodukhova and Nina V. Raushkina for the assistance in measurements; Alexei A. Bolotovski, Dmitri P. Karabanov, Alexander A. Makhrov, Mikhail I. Malin, and Alexei K. Smirnov for valuable comments and discussion of the manuscript.

Funding information

The preparation of this manuscript was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, grant no. 16-14-10001.

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors. Vendace were caught in compliance with the permission for fishing and hunting for wildlife objects included in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation no. 51 of March 21, 2013; no. 136 of August 28, 2013; no. 38 of April 11, 2014; and no. 7 of February 25, 2015.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Fish EcologyPapanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters RASYaroslavl regionRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biophysics Siberian Branch of RASKrasnoyarskRussia
  3. 3.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution RASMoscowRussia

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