Organisms Diversity & Evolution

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 197–204 | Cite as

Phylogenetic relationships of Dysaphis pyri (Boyer de Fonscolombe) and Dysaphis reaumuri (Mordvilko) (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae): COI and EF-1α evidence

Original Article
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Abstract

Dysaphis (Pomaphis) pyri (Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841) and Dysaphis (Pomaphis) reaumuri (Mordvilko, 1928) are two holocyclic aphid species alternating between Pyrus (Rosaceae) and Galium (Rubiaceae). Comparative phylogenetic analysis was performed using partial mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) and nuclear elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1α) sequences. Partial COI data indicate the possibility of the early divergence in the D. pyriD. reaumuri stem, which might have occurred even before the splitting of the common ancestral species of the D. reaumuri–D. plantaginea complex. Such a conclusion seems to be compatible with the available data on host specificity, life cycles and distribution of both species. This introductory phylogenetic analysis based on partial COI and EF-1α sequences indicates the need for reconsideration of the subgeneric structure in the genus Dysaphis.

Keywords

Dysaphis pyri Dysaphis reaumuri Host plants Mitochondrial COI Morphology Nuclear EF-1α 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was funded by a grant (No LEK-07/2010) from the Research Council of Lithuania. The kind assistance of Ali Arda Işıkber and Mahmut Murat Aslan, (Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Turkey) during field sampling in Kahramanmaraş province of Turkey cannot be overestimated. Our thanks are due to J. Turčinavičienė for providing aphid samples from France and Georgia.

Ethical standards

The experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural SciencesVilnius UniversityVilniusLithuania

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