Organisms Diversity & Evolution

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 155–165

Phylogeny of Cidaroida (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) based on mitochondrial and nuclear markers

  • Olivier Brosseau
  • Jérôme Murienne
  • Delphine Pichon
  • Nicolas Vidal
  • Marc Eléaume
  • Nadia Ameziane
Original Article

Abstract

We present the first molecular phylogeny of Cidaroida, one of the most problematic groups within the echinoids. Two genes—the nuclear ribosomal gene 28 S rRNA and the mitochondrial protein-encoding gene COI—were obtained from 21 specimens representing 17 genera and 20 species, among which 13 species belong to Cidaroida. Phylogenetic analyses of the combined molecular data using parsimony and maximum likelihood optimality criteria resulted in a well-resolved phylogeny. Our results are broadly compatible (with the notable exception of Cidaris cidaris) with previous results obtained from morphological data. We find that Cidaroida represent a monophyletic group sister to the non-cidaroid Echinoidea. The family Cidaridae sensu Mortensen (1928) and Fell (1966) is paraphyletic because of the placement of Psychocidaris ohshimai as sister-group to Histocidaris elegans. Inside the Stylocidarina, we show that the two Atlantic species Stylocidaris affinis and Stylocidaris lineata constitute a well-supported clade. However, these two taxa could also represent two morphotypes within a single species showing high morphological variation.

Keywords

Cidaroida Phylogeny Molecular 28S rRNA COI 

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Copyright information

© Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Brosseau
    • 1
  • Jérôme Murienne
    • 2
  • Delphine Pichon
    • 1
  • Nicolas Vidal
    • 3
  • Marc Eléaume
    • 1
  • Nadia Ameziane
    • 1
  1. 1.Muséum national d’Histoire naturelleParisFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, ENFAToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Muséum national d’Histoire naturelleParisFrance

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