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Organisms Diversity & Evolution

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 331–340 | Cite as

On the phylogenetic position of the palaeopteran Syntonopteroidea (Insecta: Ephemeroptera), with a new species from the Upper Carboniferous of England

  • Jakub Prokop
  • André Nel
  • Andrew Tenny
Original Article

Abstract

A new syntonopterid, Anglolithoneura magnifica gen. et sp. n., is described from a siderite concretion (nodule) from the Late Carboniferous (Langsettian) of Lancashire County (UK). The new genus is diagnosed on hind wing venation and compared with other syntonopterid genera. The new species is the first syntonopterid formally described from the Late Carboniferous of Europe. The systematic positions of other potential Syntonopteroidea (Miracopteron mirabile, Bojophlebia prokopi, and specimens described in 1985 by J. Kukalová-Peck from Obora in the Czech Republic) are reconsidered. Wing venation synapomorphies are proposed for the Syntonopteroidea (sensu novo), and for a potential clade ((Ephemeroptera+Syntonopteroidea)+Odonatoptera) separated from the Palaeodictyopterida. The close relations of the new species with Lithoneura lameerei Carpenter, 1938 from Mazon Creek (Illinois, USA) provide additional support for a Euramerican connection during the Late Carboniferous.

Keywords

Palaeoptera Syntonopteroidea Palaeodictyopterida Wing venation pattern Late Paleozoic Langsettian 

Notes

Acknowledgements

For constructive comments and improvements the authors are grateful to Prof. Rainer Willmann (Göttingen), Dr. Klaus Klass (Dresden) and an anonymous referee. We thank Dr. Philip Perkins (MCZ, Cambridge) for allowing us to study and take photographs of the holotype of Lithoneura lameerei. We also thank Andrew Ross (NHM, London) and Vojtěch Turek (NM, Prague) for help and access to the type material. The first author is very grateful to Prof. Alexander Rasnitsyn and his team for a pleasant and fruitful stay in the Laboratory of Paleoentomology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. The first author also acknowledges research support from the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (No. P210/10/0633), from SYNTHESYS (project No. GB-TAF-3261) for a visit to the Natural History Museum (London), and from the Ministry of Schools (MSM 0021620828).

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Copyright information

© Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePraha 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.CNRS UMR 7205Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParisFrance
  3. 3.LittleboroughUK

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