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Hellenic Journal of Surgery

, Volume 90, Issue 5, pp 246–253 | Cite as

The Prevalence of Malnutrition in Oncology Patients in a Greek General Hospital. Evaluation Using Anthropometric and Laboratory Measurements

  • Eleni PapaefstathiouEmail author
  • K Alexiou
  • Maria Terzopoulou
  • N Sikalias
  • Dimitra Bethani
  • Areti Tsoga
  • N Economou
  • A Lioulias
  • P Pagkratis
  • N Trakas
Original Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

Background and Purpose

The incidence of malnutrition in oncology patients is high, and it depends on the type, location and stage of the tumor and on the treatment. In this empirical study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in adults with cancer in a Greek general hospital and to investigate the relationship between objective and subjective nutritional assessment of the patients.

Methods

We assessed the nutritional status of 88 oncology patients within 48 hours of admission, using the three nutrition screening tools Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST). The degree of malnutrition was determined using anthropometric measurements and laboratory nutrition-related parameters.

Results

In this Greek hospital, the rate of malnutrition risk in patients with cancer varied, ranging from 35.3% to 45.5%, depending on the nutrition screening tool used. Men, elderly patients and patients with gastric cancer were demonstrated to be at higher risk of malnutrition. Malnourished patients showed significant weight loss, with anorexia being the main gastrointestinal symptom. The objective laboratory nutrition parameters did not always indicate nutritional deficiency, but the anthropometric measurements showed a decrease in these patients.

Conclusions

The problem of malnutrition among Greek oncology patients appears to be significant and there is a need for further efforts in its detection and management.

Key words

Nutritional screening tools oncology patients malnutrition epidemiological study 

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Copyright information

© Hellenic Surgical Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleni Papaefstathiou
    • 1
    Email author
  • K Alexiou
    • 2
  • Maria Terzopoulou
    • 2
  • N Sikalias
    • 5
  • Dimitra Bethani
    • 2
  • Areti Tsoga
    • 6
  • N Economou
    • 2
  • A Lioulias
    • 3
  • P Pagkratis
    • 4
  • N Trakas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical ChemistryAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Thoracic SurgeryAthensGreece
  4. 4.Department of Hematology“Sismanoglio” General HospitalAthensGreece
  5. 5.Department of SurgeryKalamata General HospitalAthensGreece
  6. 6.Department of Nutrition and BiochemistryAthens School of Public HealthAthensGreece

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