Translational Stroke Research

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 39–49 | Cite as

Longitudinal Assessment of Imatinib’s Effect on the Blood–Brain Barrier After Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury with Permeability MRI

  • Zamir Merali
  • Jackie Leung
  • D. Mikulis
  • F. Silver
  • Andrea Kassner
Original Article

Abstract

Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) often results in degeneration of the blood–brain barrier (BBB), which can lead to vasogenic edema and an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage. Imatinib is an agent that may be able to protect the BBB and reduce the risk of the harmful consequences of BBB degeneration. We sought to measure the effect of Imatinib on the BBB after experimental stroke longitudinally in vivo with permeability dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. Ischemia/reperfusion injury was induced with a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion surgery. Rats were given Imatinib at 2 and 20 h after stroke onset. Post-assessment included neurologic functioning, MR imaging, Evans Blue extravasation, Western blot, and immunohistology assay. Imatinib protected the BBB by 24 h but failed to decrease BBB permeability at an earlier time-point. Imatinib also reduced infarct volume, edema, and improved neurologic functioning by 24 h. Rats treated with Imatinib also had a higher expression of the BBB structural protein Zona ocludens-1 and a reduction in nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-κβ) activation. Imatinib is a promising agent to protect the BBB after AIS, but its effect on the BBB may not become prominent until 24 h after the onset of ischemia. This finding may help elucidate Imatinib’s role in the clinical management of AIS and influence future study designs.

Keywords

Blood–brain barrier Acute stroke Brain ischemia Brain edema Focal ischemia MRI 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zamir Merali
    • 1
  • Jackie Leung
    • 1
  • D. Mikulis
    • 2
  • F. Silver
    • 3
  • Andrea Kassner
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and Experimental MedicineHospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Division of Neuroradiology, Joint Department of Medical ImagingToronto Western HospitalTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Division of NeurologyUniversity Health NetworkTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Department of Medical ImagingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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