China-EU Law Journal

, Volume 3, Issue 3–4, pp 165–190

Addressing failures of environmental information disclosure through administrative lawsuits in China: the paradox of legal mobilization

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12689-014-0043-y

Cite this article as:
Wang, X. China-EU Law J (2014) 3: 165. doi:10.1007/s12689-014-0043-y
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Abstract

In China, the new open government information legislation entered into force in 2008, which has provided the basis for the public to invoke the law to request government agencies to disclose environmental information. During this process, administrative litigation has been utilized by the public as a means to rectify their failures of obtaining environmental information through disclosure request. Treating this process as a legal mobilization, this article analyzes the complexities of access to government information from a socio-legal perspective. It aims to understand the paradox that citizens and entities actively initiate such litigation despite the fact that a successful result is not likely to be achieved through such lawsuits. In outlining the role of citizens and entities, including environmental organizations and law firms, this article argues that administrative litigation has been used as a legal strategy by both citizens and entities not only to obtain the information but also to impose pressure upon government agencies to adapt to the new open government information mechanism. Empowered by law, citizens and entities have been transposed from passive subjects to direct activists in the process, and have created changes in both the political process and the legal development of government information disclosure.

Keywords

Open government information Environmental information disclosure Administrative litigation Legal mobilization China 

Copyright information

© China-EU School of Law 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for East Asian StudiesUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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