Journal of Community Genetics

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 257–263 | Cite as

Considerations for bio-specimen collection among black women residing in the rural Deep South participating in a cancer prevention study

  • Tiffany L. CarsonEmail author
  • Claudia M. Hardy
  • Eva Greene
  • Pamela L. Carter
  • Glenda James
  • Edward E. Partridge
  • Monica L. Baskin
Case Report


Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the USA (Hoyert et al. 2012). Additionally, cancer health disparities (incidence, morbidity, mortality) exist in the USA despite notable progress in diagnosis and treatment (Ward et al. 2004). Racial/ethnic minorities, low socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, and persons living in rural areas experience the greatest cancer burden (Jemal et al. 2008). Bio-specimen collection is vital for the advancement of enhanced diagnostic, prevention, and treatment tools for cancer and other diseases. Bio-specimens, materials taken from the human body, provide valuable information about how to (1) identify and validate ways to deliver drugs or agents to specific cells, (2) identify how diseases progress and vary, (3) group patients, based on their genetic characteristics or biomarkers of their disease, to determine which treatment is most appropriate, and (4) develop screening tests to detect biomarkers that are associated...


Black Woman Eating Disorder Saliva Sample Salivary Cortisol Orientation Session 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This project was supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)—3U54CA153719 and 3U54CA153719-03S2 (E. Partridge). In addition, we are forever grateful to the Deep South Network (DSN) staff and volunteers without whom our efforts to reduce cancer health disparities could never be realized.

Conflict of interest

Authors have no conflict of interest to report.

Compliance with ethics guidelines

The experiments comply with the current laws of the USA, the country in which they were performed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiffany L. Carson
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Claudia M. Hardy
    • 2
  • Eva Greene
    • 2
  • Pamela L. Carter
    • 2
  • Glenda James
    • 2
  • Edward E. Partridge
    • 2
    • 3
  • Monica L. Baskin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer CenterBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  4. 4.BirminghamUSA

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