Conservation Genetics Resources

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 317–319 | Cite as

Complete chloroplast genome of the threatened Rhoiptelea chiliantha (Juglandaceae s.l.)

  • Yan-Fei Geng
  • Guo-Xiong Hu
  • Shuo WangEmail author
  • Jian-Chu XuEmail author
Technical Note


Rhoiptelea chiliantha is the only species of traditionally defined family Rhoipteleaceae which is confined to S Guizhou, SE Yunnan, N and W Guangxi of China as well as N Vietnam, and is evaluated as vulnerable (VU) in “The IUCN Red List Threatened Species” and “Chinese Species Red List”. Here, we de novo assembled the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of R. chiliantha using Illumina sequencing data for the first time. The whole cp genome was 161,692 bp in length consisting of a pair of inverted repeat (IRa and IRb) regions of respectively 25,335 bp, a small single-copy region of 23,659 bp and a large single-copy region of 89,039 bp. The genome encoded 116 unique genes including 85 protein-coding genes, 27 tRNA genes and four rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis based on 21 complete cp genome sequences indicates that R. chiliantha is sister to the traditionally defined walnut family (Juglandaceae s.s.) and supports to merge Rhoipteleaceae into Juglandaceae s.l.


Rhoiptelea chiliantha Rhoipteleaceae Juglandaceae Chloroplast genome 



This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guizhou Province [(2016)1049].

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Ecology and GeobotanyYunnan UniversityKunmingChina
  4. 4.College of Life SciencesGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina
  5. 5.College of Marine Science and Biological EngineeringQingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  6. 6.World Agroforestry Centre East and Central AsiaKunmingChina

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