Evaluation of three methods for high throughput extraction of DNA from challenging fish tissues
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Three methods for extracting DNA were tested on otoliths, scales, fins, and gill tissue from European whitefish [Coregonus lavaratus (L.)]. The aim was to find time-efficient and affordable ways to simultaneously extract DNA suitable for conservation genetic studies from a large number of samples and different tissues. A rapid low-cost method led to 97 % success of microsatellite amplification in otoliths and 100 % in scales. High amplification success was achieved with fin (97 %) and gill (99 %) tissue using a salt lysis-based protocol. A commercial extraction kit delivered good results with all tissues. The findings are useful for conservation genetic studies using both contemporary and archived samples.
KeywordsPlate extraction of DNA Salmonids Population genetics Non-lethal sampling
The study was financially supported by the Norwegian Research Council (Grant No. 186320/V40).
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