Anonymous nuclear markers for the African adders (Serpentes: Viperidae: Bitis)
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We report five novel anonymous nuclear loci for the African viper genus Bitis, developed from a genomic library of a single individual puff adder (Bitis arietans). All loci amplify consistently and are variable among seven B. arietans sampled from disparate portions of the geographic range. Trials with nine congeneric species showed one locus amplifies across all species tested, three amplify in a subset of species and one only amplifies in B. arietans. Genetic divergences for these loci range from comparable, to more than double that of a commonly used nuclear protein-coding marker in Bitis. These loci will provide a valuable resource for future investigations of these snakes.
KeywordsAnonymous nuclear loci Phylogenetics Phylogeography Africa Bitis
This work was funded by a Natural Environment Research Council Studentship to AB. For samples we thank Tomas Mazuch, Tony Phelps, Andre Coetzer, Kate Jackson, the Smithsonian USNM, Al Coritz, Johannes Els, Bryan Maritz and Craig Van Rensburg.
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