Genetic identification of the sharks Rhizoprionodon porosus and R. lalandii by PCR-RFLP and nucleotide sequence analyses of 5S rDNA

  • Danillo Pinhal
  • Otto B. F. Gadig
  • Cesar Martins
Technical Note

Abstract

A molecular approach based on nuclear 5S rDNA sequence variability was applied successfully to correctly identify samples from the two Rhizoprionodon species collected in the wild or sold in markets. The sequence of the non-transcribed spacer (NTS) of the 5S rDNA showed high interspecific variability and no intraspecific polymorphism, making it a useful marker for sharpnose shark identification. Polymorphisms in the NTS sequences of Rhizoprionodon sharks also created unique restriction patterns for each species after PCR-RFLP analysis. The 5S rDNA polymorphism represents a fast and non expensive tool to access species identification when rapid and unequivocal identification of shark products is needed, particularly for future management and other investigations.

Keywords

Genetic markers Non-transcribed spacer Trade monitoring Sharks Species identification 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors are grateful to Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danillo Pinhal
    • 1
  • Otto B. F. Gadig
    • 2
  • Cesar Martins
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de BiociênciasUNESP—Universidade Estadual PaulistaBotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Campus Litoral Paulista, UNESP—Universidade Estadual PaulistaSão VicenteBrazil

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