Methanol Electrooxidation on Nickel Nanoparticles Decorating Graphite Flakes Surface

  • Yunier Garcia-Basabe
  • Renan Gustavo Coelho De Souza Dos Reis
  • Rafael Otoniel Ribeiro Rodrigues da Cunha
  • Dunieskys Gonzalez Larrude
  • Kelly Daiane Sossmeier
  • Jose Ricardo Cezar SalgadoEmail author
Original Research


In the present work, a simple approach was proposed to produce nanocomposites of nickel nanoparticles decorating graphite flake surface (Ni-NP/graphite) from a ball milling method for methanol electrooxidation reaction. Nickel nanoparticles (Ni-NPs) were obtained after milling for 40 h at 400 rpm. The nanocomposites were prepared blending Ni-NPs and graphite flakes and milling at different ball rotation speeds (100, 200, 300, and 400 rpm). Good agreement between scanning transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction results was found, reporting average particle diameter size of 4.9 nm and average crystallite size of 5.5 nm for Ni-NPs. The methanol electrocatalytic activity and stability of Ni-NPs/graphite nanocomposites were evaluated using cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry techniques. The possible methanol electrooxidation mechanism in Ni-NP/graphite nanocomposites was established from deconvolution of the anodic parts of voltammetric curves. The more efficient electrocatalytic activity and stability was found for Ni-NPs/graphite nanocomposite prepared using lower rotation speed (100 rpm). This behavior is associated to the loss of graphite crystallinity and consequently decreasing of its electronic conductivity with the increase of the ball milling energy which is directly related to the rotation speed during decoration procedure.

Graphical Abstract


Nickel nanoparticle Ball milling Surface decoration Nanocomposite Microstructural parameters Methanol electrooxidation 



The STEM image processing was kindly provided by Eric Cardona Romani postdoc position in Department of Physic PUC-Rio. The SEM and EDS experiments were provided by MackGraphe Laboratory of the Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie of São Paulo supported by state agency FAPESP (SPEC project 2012/50259-8). The valuable help of Fabio Plut Fernandes providing the Ni powder is also kindly acknowledged.

Funding Information

This work was supported by the Brazilian agency CNPq (Project No. 478487/2013-4).

Supplementary material

12678_2019_578_MOESM1_ESM.docx (86 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 85 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunier Garcia-Basabe
    • 1
  • Renan Gustavo Coelho De Souza Dos Reis
    • 1
  • Rafael Otoniel Ribeiro Rodrigues da Cunha
    • 1
  • Dunieskys Gonzalez Larrude
    • 2
  • Kelly Daiane Sossmeier
    • 1
  • Jose Ricardo Cezar Salgado
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto Latino Americano de Ciências da Vida e da NaturezaUniversidade Federal da Integração Latino-AmericanaFoz do IguaçuBrazil
  2. 2.MackGrapheUniversidade Presbiteriana MackenzieSão PauloBrazil

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