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Electrocatalysis

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 86–93 | Cite as

DFT Calculations of the Electrochemical Adsorption of Sulfuric Acid Anions on the Pt(110) and Pt(100) Surfaces

  • Juan A. SantanaEmail author
  • Yasuyuki Ishikawa
Original Research
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

We have studied the electrochemical adsorption of sulfuric acid anions on the Pt(110) and Pt(100) surfaces employing calculations based on the density functional theory. Our results show that bisulfate, as well as hydronium–sulfate ion pairs, can be adsorbed on Pt(110) at electrode potentials below 0.4 V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). On the other hand, only bisulfate is stable on Pt(100) at potentials below 0.6 V (RHE). At a higher potential, the results indicate that only sulfate is stable on these surfaces. The sulfuric acid anions are two-fold coordinated on Pt(110) and Pt(100), which contrasts with the Pt(111) surface where the adsorbed conformation of the anions can change from a two-fold to three-fold coordination. These differences in the coordination of the adsorbed sulfuric acid anions on Pt(111), Pt(110), and Pt(100) could help rationalize the dissimilar voltammetric features of these surfaces in sulfuric acid solutions.

Graphical Abstract

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Keywords

Electrochemical adsorption Surface catalysis Hydrogen fuel cell Computational electrochemistry Anions on metal surfaces 

Notes

Author Contributions

The manuscript was written through the contributions of all authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.

Funding Information

This work was supported by the 2018–2019 Start-Up funds of the University of Puerto Rico at Cayey. Computational resources were provided by the High-Performance Computing Facility at the University of Puerto Rico, which is supported by an Institutional Development Award (IDeA) INBRE Grant No. P20GM103475 from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Bioinformatics Research Core of the INBRE.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Disclaimer

Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of NIGMS or NIH.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Puerto Rico at CayeyCayeyUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Puerto Rico at Rio PiedrasSan JuanUSA

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