, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 41–49 | Cite as

NiMnOx/C: A Non-noble Ethanol-Tolerant Catalyst for Oxygen Reduction in Alkaline Exchange Membrane DEFC

  • Amanda C. GarciaEmail author
  • Jose J. Linares
  • Marian Chatenet
  • Edson A. Ticianelli


A non-noble oxygen reduction catalyst based on nickel−manganese oxide supported on high-surface area carbon has been synthesized by a mild hydrothermal treatment, resulting in nanocrystalline needles. Cyclic voltammetry showed the electrochemical redox characteristics of this material, evidencing the appearance of peaks associated to consecutive reversible transitions involving Mn(IV)/Mn(III) and Mn(III)/Mn(II). The catalyst displayed a high activity for the oxygen reduction, despite that the complete reduction was not achieved, consuming less than three electrons of the four available in the oxygen molecule. More importantly, this activity did not decay under the presence of ethanol, revealing the high ethanol tolerance of this material. Finally, single-cell results have demonstrated the suitability of this material as cathode catalysts for alkaline DEFC: The open circuit voltage and the maximum power densities are close to those obtained by a standard Pt/C catalyst.


Alkaline direct ethanol fuel cell Ethanol tolerance Oxygen reduction reaction Nickel-doped manganese oxides 



The Authors thank process n. 2010/07108-3 São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior ( CAPES/COFECUB-Ph 598/08 project) for financial supports. In particular, José J. Linares thanks FAPESP for a post-doctoral fellowship (Proc. 2010/07108-3). Funding by French National Research Agency (ANR) and German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) through the Project "Efficient Use of Bio-ethanol in Fuel Cells (EUBECELL) as part of the “Program Inter Carnot Fraunhofer (PICF)” is also gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda C. Garcia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jose J. Linares
    • 2
  • Marian Chatenet
    • 3
  • Edson A. Ticianelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Química de São CarlosUniversidade de São PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Electrochimie et de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces LEPMIUMR 5279 CNRS/Grenoble-INP/Université de Savoie/Université Joseph FourierSaint Martin d’HèresFrance

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