Chemisorption-Isotherm Measurements at Electrode Surfaces by Quantitative High-Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy
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The chemisorption isotherm of benzoquinone at a well-defined Pd(100) surface was obtained by quantitative high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS). Extraction of surface-coverage information from HREELS required the normalization of integrated peak intensities to compensate for differences in the backscattered electron flux brought about by the organic adlayer. A common procedure rests on a match of the elastic-peak heights, but it fails for organic adsorbates since those introduce surface roughness that result in a higher stream of inelastically scattered electrons. A more accurate method is based on the equalization of the incident electron beam currents. This is attained only when the background intensities integrated over a peak-free spectral region are set equal to one another. The HREELS-generated isotherm was compared with that acquired by thin-layer electrochemical measurements; excellent agreement was observed.
KeywordsHigh-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy Chemisorption isotherms Surface coverage measurements by HREELS Background-intensity normalization of HREEL spectra HREELS of benzoquinone chemisorbed on Pd(100) electrodes
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