Hormones and Cancer

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 236–240 | Cite as

Patient-Derived Prostate Cancer: from Basic Science to the Clinic

  • Gail P. RisbridgerEmail author
  • Renea A. Taylor


Systems that model cancer form the backbone of research discovery, and their accuracy and validity are a key determinant to ensure successful translation. In many tumour types, patient-derived specimens are an important model of choice for pre-clinical drug development. In this review, we consider why this has been such a challenge for prostate cancer, resulting in relatively few patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) of prostatic tumours compared to breast cancers, for example. Nevertheless, with only a few patient specimens and PDXs, we exemplify in three vignettes how important new clinical insights were obtained resulting in benefit for future men with prostate cancer.


Prostate Cancer Androgen Receptor Neuroendocrine Carcinoma BRCA2 Mutation Carrier Abiraterone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


GP Risbridger and RA Taylor are supported by research fellowships from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (ID: 1102752) and the Victorian Cancer Agency (MCRF15023).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Monash Partners Comprehensive Cancer Consortium and Cancer Program, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Anatomy and Developmental BiologyMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Monash Partners Comprehensive Cancer Consortium and Cancer Program, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of PhysiologyMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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