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Mindfulness

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A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Impact of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on the Well-Being of Healthcare Professionals

  • Tim Lomas
  • Joan Carles Medina
  • Itai Ivtzan
  • Silke Rupprecht
  • Francisco José Eiroa-OrosaEmail author
REVIEW

Abstract

Efforts to improve the well-being of healthcare professionals include mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). To understand the value of such initiatives, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of empirical studies pertaining to the use of MBIs with healthcare professionals. Databases were reviewed from the start of records to January 2016 (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42016032899). Eligibility criteria included empirical analyses of well-being outcomes acquired in relation to MBIs. Forty-one papers met the eligibility criteria, consisting of a total of 2101 participants. Studies were examined for two broad classes of well-being outcomes: (a) “negative” mental health measures such as anxiety, depression, and stress; (b) “positive” indices of well-being, such as life satisfaction, together with outcomes associated with well-being, such as emotional intelligence. MBIs were generally associated with positive outcomes in relation to most measures (albeit with moderate effect sizes), and mindfulness does appear to improve the well-being of healthcare professionals. However, the quality of the studies was inconsistent, so further research is needed, particularly high-quality randomised control trials.

Keywords

Mindfulness Meditation Healthcare professionals Meta-analysis 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

12671_2018_1062_MOESM1_ESM.zip (11 kb)
ESM 1 (ZIP 10.7 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim Lomas
    • 1
  • Joan Carles Medina
    • 2
  • Itai Ivtzan
    • 1
  • Silke Rupprecht
    • 3
  • Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of East LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Section of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment, Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychobiologySchool of Psychology, Institute of Neurosciences, Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Leuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany

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